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New York City

1

The City of New York, often called New York City, New York, or simply The City, is the most populous city in the United States.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.

The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, includes the most populous city in the United States ; Long Island and the Mid- and Lower Hudson Valley in the state of New York; the five largest cities in New Jersey and their vicinities; six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut and their vicinities; and five counties in northeastern Pennsylvania.

In the study of human settlements, an urban agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place and any suburbs linked by continuous urban area.

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With a U.S. Census Bureau-estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405 distributed over a land area of just 305 square miles, New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States.

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.

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A global power city, New York City exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace defining the term New York minute.

Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications."

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Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural and financial capital of the world.

A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land.

Headquarters denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.

The headquarters of the United Nations is a complex in New York City designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer.

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Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separate county of New York State.

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The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898.

Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and the city's historical birthplace.

Brooklyn is the most populous of New York City's five boroughs, with a Census-estimated 2,636,735 residents in 2015.

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The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States, and as many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.

Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

Immigration to the United States is a complex demographic phenomenon that has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the history of the United States.

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By 2015 estimates, the New York City metropolitan region remains by a significant margin the most populous in the United States, as defined by both the Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Combined Statistical Area.

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In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product of nearly US$1.39 trillion, while in 2012, the CSA generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion, both ranking first nationally by a wide margin and behind the GDP of only twelve and eleven countries, respectively.

Gross metropolitan product is a monetary measure of the value of all final goods and services produced within a metropolitan statistical area during a specified period.

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New York City traces its origin to its 1624 founding in Lower Manhattan as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.

The Dutch Republic, also known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, Republic of the United Netherlands or Republic of the Seven United Provinces, was a republic in Europe existing from 1581, when part of the Netherlands separated from Spanish rule, until 1795.

Lower Manhattan, also known as Downtown Manhattan, is the southernmost part of Manhattan, the central borough for business, culture, and government in the City of New York, which itself originated at the southern tip of Manhattan Island in 1624.

New Amsterdam was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island, which served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.

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The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.

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New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790.

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It has been the country's largest city since 1790.

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The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a symbol of the United States and its democracy.

Democracy, or "rule of the commoners", was originally conceived in Classical Greece, whereby political representatives were chosen by lot from amongst the male citizens: rich and poor.

The Americas, also collectively called America, encompass the totality of the continents of North America and South America.

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In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, and environmental sustainability.

Entrepreneurship has traditionally been defined as the process of designing, launching and running a new business, which typically begins as a small business, such as a startup company, offering a product, process or service for sale or hire, and the people who do so are called 'entrepreneurs'.

In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely.

Toleration is "the practice of deliberately allowing or permitting a thing of which one disapproves.

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Many districts and landmarks in New York City have become well known, and the city received a record of nearly 60 million tourists in 2015, hosting three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013.

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Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world.

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Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world's entertainment industry.

New York City's Theater District is an area in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theaters are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants, hotels, and other places of entertainment.

Times Square is a major commercial intersection and neighborhood in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue, and stretching from West 42nd to West 47th Streets.

Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz or showbiz, is a vernacular term for all aspects of the entertainment industry.

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The names of many of the city's bridges, tapered skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world.

A skyscraper is a tall, continuously habitable building of over 10 floors, mostly designed for office, commercial and residential uses.

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