Nepali Language


Nepali, also sometimes called Khas Kura, Parbate Bhasa or Gorkhali, is an Indo-Aryan language derived from Sanskrit.

Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism ; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism; and a literary language and lingua franca of ancient and medieval India and Nepal.

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia with a population of 26.4 million.

Part 1. Nepali Language - Basic Sentences (with stroke order worksheet in pdf). by Sharad Dhakal


It is the official language and de facto lingua franca of Nepal.

A lingua franca also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language or vehicular language, is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.

An American student talks Nepali language by k2cpalpa


It is spoken chiefly by Pahari people in Nepal and by a significant number of Bhutanese and some Burmese people.

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a sovereign state landlocked in the Eastern Himalayas in South Asia.


In India, Nepali language is listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India as an Indian language having an official status in the Indian state of Sikkim and in West Bengal's Darjeeling district.

Darjeeling District is the northernmost district of the state of West Bengal in eastern India in the foothills of the Himalayas.


Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the Pahari languages and Maithili, and shows Sanskrit influences.

The Indo-Aryan or Indic languages are the dominant language family of the Indian subcontinent.

For the language spoken in Pakistan Administered Kashmir, see Pothohari dialect.


However, owing to Nepal's geographical area, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages.

The Tibeto-Burman languages are the non-Sinitic members of the Sino-Tibetan language family, over 400 of which are spoken throughout the highlands of Southeast Asia as well as certain parts of East Asia and South Asia.


Nepali is mainly differentiated from Central Pahari, both in grammar and vocabulary, by Tibeto-Burman idioms owing to close contact with the respective language group.


Historically, the language is believed to have been originally called Khas language, then Gorkhali or Gurkhali before the term Nepali was adopted.

The Gurkhas or Gorkhas are the soldiers of Nepali nationality, recruited in British Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force and war zones around the world.


In 1920, during Rana regime in Nepal, the term "Nepal" which resembled the Nepal Mandala was taken from its people.

Nepal Mandala is an ancient confederation marked by cultural, religious and political boundaries which lies in present-day central Nepal.


Soon after that, Nepal Bhasa was renamed into Newari and Parbate/Khas language took over as Nepali language.

Newar or Newari, also known as Nepal Bhasa, is spoken as a native language by the Newar people, the indigenous inhabitants of Nepal Mandala, which consists of the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding regions in Nepal.


Other names include Parbatiya and Dzongkha Lhotshammikha.

Dzongkha, or Bhutanese, is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by over half a million people in Bhutan; it is the sole official and national language of the Kingdom of Bhutan.


It is also known as the Khey language or Partya language among the Newar people and Pahari language among Madhesi and Tharus.

The Newar or Newah are the historical inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding areas in Nepal, and the creators of its historic heritage and civilization.

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