Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia with a population of 26.4 million.
A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.
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It is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.
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Modern Nepal is a secular parliamentary republic.
A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited.
A parliamentary republic is a type of republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature.
Nepal is bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east, and west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia.
It borders neither Bangladesh nor Bhutan, due to a narrow Indian corridor and the Indian state of Sikkim respectively.
Nepal is located in the Himalayas and is home to eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Its southern Terai/Madhesh region is fertile and humid.
The Terai is a lowland region in southern Nepal and northern India that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Siwalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The country has an area of 147,181 square kilometres, making it the world's 93rd largest country by area.
Nepal has a diverse ancient cultural heritage.
Cultural heritage is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations.
The name Nepal is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the era that founded Hinduism, the country's predominant religion.
The Vedic period, or Vedic age, is the period in the history of the northwestern Indian subcontinent between the end of the urban Indus Valley Civilisation and a second urbanisation in the central Gangetic Plain which began in c. 600 BCE.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
The Vedas are a large body of knowledge texts originating in the ancient Indian subcontinent.
Nepal was the world's last Hindu monarchy.
Siddharta Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal.
Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was a monk, mendicant, and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
Buddhism is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha.
Lumbinī is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi District of Province No. 5 in Nepal.
The main minorities are Tibetan Buddhists, Muslims, Kiratans, and Christians.
Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.
The Kirati people are an ethnic group of the Himalayas extending eastward from Nepal into India, Bangladesh, Burma and beyond.
A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, is someone who follows or practises Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The Nepalese are also known as Gurkhas.
The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali are soldiers native to the Indian subcontinent of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Nepalis of Indian nationality recruited for the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN peacekeeping force and war zones around the world.
The Gurkhas or Gorkhas are the soldiers of Nepali nationality, recruited in British Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force and war zones around the world.
Gorkha Kingdom was a kingdom in the confederation of 24 states, known as Chaubisi rajya, located in the Indian subcontinent, present-day western Nepal.
They have been reputed for their valour in World War I and World War II.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Established in the 18th century, the early modern Kingdom of Nepal was led by the Shah dynasty, after Prithvi Narayan Shah unified many principalities in the region.
Shah dynasty was the ruling Thakuris from the Indian subcontinent of the Gorkha Kingdom from 1559 to 1768, the Kingdom of Nepal from 1768 to 28 May 2008.
Nepal is one of the few Asian countries which was never colonized.
In 1788 Nepal invaded Tibet and failed, resulted in acknowledging the suzerainty of China.