Neil deGrasse Tyson is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, and science communicator.
Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that employs the principles of physics and chemistry "to ascertain the nature of the heavenly bodies, rather than their positions or motions in space."
Science communication generally refers to public communication presenting science-related topics to non-experts.
An author is narrowly defined as the originator of any written work and can thus also be described as a writer.
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Since 1996, he has been the Frederick P. Rose Director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York City.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States and is the 27th-most extensive, fourth-most populous, and seventh-most densely populated U.S. state.
Frederick Phineas Rose was an American real estate developer, philanthropist, and member of the Rose family.
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The center is part of the American Museum of Natural History, where Tyson founded the Department of Astrophysics in 1997 and has been a research associate in the department since 2003.
The American Museum of Natural History, located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Born and raised in New York City, Tyson became interested in astronomy at the age of nine after a visit to the Hayden Planetarium.
After graduating from the Bronx High School of Science, where he was editor-in-chief of the Physical Science Journal, he completed a bachelor's degree in physics at Harvard University in 1980.
Harvard University is a private, Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636, whose history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, within the U.S. state of New York.
After receiving a master's degree in astronomy at the University of Texas at Austin in 1983, he earned his master's and doctorate in astrophysics at Columbia University.
The University of Texas at Austin, informally UT Austin, UT, University of Texas, or Texas in sports contexts, is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
For the next three years, he was a postdoctoral research associate at Princeton University.
In 1994, he joined the Hayden Planetarium as a staff scientist and the Princeton faculty as a visiting research scientist and lecturer.
In 1996, he became director of the planetarium and oversaw its $210-million reconstruction project, which was completed in 2000.
From 1995 to 2005, Tyson wrote monthly essays in the "Universe" column for Natural History magazine, some of which were published in his book Death by Black Hole.
Death by Black Hole: And Other Cosmic Quandaries is a 2007 popular science book written by Neil deGrasse Tyson.
During the same period, he wrote a monthly column in Star Date magazine, answering questions about the universe under the pen name "Merlin".
Material from the column appeared in his books Merlin's Tour of the Universe and Just Visiting This Planet.
Tyson served on a 2001 government commission on the future of the U.S. aerospace industry, and on the 2004 Moon, Mars and Beyond commission.
The President's Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy was a Presidential Commission formed by United States President George W. Bush on January 27, 2004, through the Executive Order 13326.
The Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry was formed jointly by United States President George W. Bush and the United States Congress in 2001.
He was awarded the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal in the same year.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal is an award similar to the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, but awarded to non-government personnel.
From 2006 to 2011, he hosted the television show NOVA ScienceNow on PBS.
Nova ScienceNow is a News magazine version of the long-running and venerable PBS science program Nova.
Since 2009, Tyson hosted the weekly podcast StarTalk.
StarTalk is a podcast on space, science, and popular culture hosted by astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson, with various comic and celebrity co-hosts and frequent guests from the worlds of science and entertainment.
A podcast is an episodic series of digital media files which a user can set up so that new episodes are automatically downloaded via web syndication to the user's own local computer or portable media player.
A spin-off, also called StarTalk, began airing on National Geographic in 2015.
In 2014, he hosted the television series Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, a successor to Carl Sagan's 1980 series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage.
The 4th Annual Critics' Choice Television Awards, presented by the Broadcast Television Journalists Association, honoring the best in primetime television programming from June 1, 2013 until May 31, 2014, took place on June 19, 2014 at The Beverly Hilton in Los Angeles, California.
Carl Edward Sagan was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences.
Cosmos: A Personal Voyage is a thirteen-part television series written by Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan, and Steven Soter, with Sagan as presenter.
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences awarded Tyson the Public Welfare Medal in 2015 for his "extraordinary role in exciting the public about the wonders of science".
The Public Welfare Medal is awarded by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences "in recognition of distinguished contributions in the application of science to the public welfare."