National memory is a form of collective memory defined by shared experiences and culture.
Collective memory is the shared pool of knowledge and information in the memories of two or more members of a social group.
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It is an integral part to national identity.
National identity is one's identity or sense of belonging to one state or to one nation.
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It represents one specific form of cultural memory which makes an essential contribution to national group cohesion.
Because memory is not just an individual, private experience but is also part of the collective domain, cultural memory has become a topic in both historiography and cultural studies.
Group cohesiveness arises when bonds link members of a social group to one another and to the group as a whole.
Historically national communities have drawn upon commemorative ceremonies and monuments, myths and rituals, glorified individuals, objects, and events in their own history to produce a common narrative.
A myth is any traditional story consisting of events that are ostensibly historical, explaining the origins of a cultural practice or natural phenomenon.
According to Lorraine Ryan, national memory is based on the public's reception of national historic narratives and the ability of people to affirm the legitimacy of these narratives.