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Narendra Modi

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Narendra Damodardas Modi is an Indian politician who is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014.

{{Infobox official post |post = Prime Minister of the

Shri Narendra Modi speaks at the BJP's 'Vikas Yatra' in ... by Narendra Modi

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He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi.

Gujarat is a state in Western India, sometimes referred to as the "Jewel of Western India".

A chief minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national entity.

PM Modi at a Public Meeting in Imphal, Manipur by Narendra Modi

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Modi, a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, is a Hindu nationalist and member of the right-wing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, abbreviated as RSS, is a right-wing, Hindu nationalist, paramilitary volunteer organisation in India that is widely regarded as the parent organisation of the ruling party of India, the Bharatiya Janata Party.

The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.

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Born to a Gujarati family in Vadnagar, Modi helped his father sell tea as a child, and later ran his own stall.

Vadnagar is a city and a municipality in Mehsana district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

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He was introduced to the RSS at the age of eight, beginning a long association with the organisation.

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He left home after graduating from school, partly because of an arranged marriage which he rejected.

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Modi traveled around India for two years, and visited a number of religious centres.

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He returned to Gujarat and moved to Ahmedabad in 1969 or 1970.

Ahmedabad is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat, which is a state in India.

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In 1971 he became a full-time worker for the RSS.

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During the state of emergency imposed across the country in 1975, Modi was forced to go into hiding.

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The RSS assigned him to the BJP in 1985, and he held several positions within the party hierarchy until 2001, rising to the rank of general secretary.

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Modi was appointed chief minister of Gujarat in 2001, due to Keshubhai Patel's failing health and poor public image following the earthquake in Bhuj.

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Modi was elected to the legislative assembly soon after.

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His administration has been considered complicit in the 2002 Gujarat riots, or otherwise criticised for its handling of it, although a court found no evidence to prosecute Modi.

The 2002 Gujarat riots, also known as the 2002 Gujarat violence and the Gujarat pogrom, was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the western Indian state of Gujarat.

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His policies as chief minister, credited with encouraging economic growth, have received praise, and several industrial projects were begun during his tenure.

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His administration has been criticised for failing to significantly improve health, poverty, and education indices in the state.

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Modi led the BJP in the 2014 general election, which gave the party a majority in the Lok Sabha, the first time a single party had achieved this since 1984.

The Lok Sabha is the Lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the Upper house being the Rajya Sabha.

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Modi himself was elected to parliament from Varanasi.

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Since taking office, Modi's administration has tried to raise foreign direct investment in the Indian economy, increased spending on infrastructure, and reduced spending on health and social welfare programmes.

A foreign direct investment is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.

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Modi has attempted to improve efficiency in the bureaucracy, and centralised power through the abolition of the planning commission.

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