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Muhammad

1

Muhammad was the founder of Islam.

Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God.

Muhammad - The Last Prophet (Animated Cartoon-Full Movie) by Rachid82UK

2

According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet and God's messenger, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.

In religion, a prophet is an individual who has claimed to have been contacted by a divine being, specifically a god or goddess, and to speak for them, serving as an intermediary with humanity, delivering this newfound knowledge from the supernatural source to other people.

Abraha, also known as Abraha al-Ashram, was an Axumite army general, then the viceroy of southern Arabia for the Kingdom of Aksum, and later declared himself an independent King of Himyar.

Abraham, originally Avram or Abram, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.

The Life Of Muhammad (BBC Documentary) - SUBTITLED by itsgary

3

He is viewed as the final prophet of God in all the main branches of Islam, though some modern denominations diverge from this belief.

4

Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity and his teachings, practices, and the Quran form the basis of Islamic religious belief.

The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.

A polity is any kind of political entity.

5

Born approximately 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at an early age; he was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib.

Mecca or Makkah is a city in the Tihamah plain in Saudi Arabia and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region.

6

Periodically, he would seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights of prayer; later, at age 40, he reported being visited by Gabriel in the cave, where he stated he received his first revelation from God.

Hira or the Cave of Hira is a talus cave about 3 kilometres from Mecca, on the mountain named Jabal al-Nour in the Hejaz region of present-day Saudi Arabia.

In the Abrahamic religions, Gabriel is an angel who typically serves as a messenger sent from God to certain people.

7

Three years later, in 610, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to him is the right course of action, and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam.

8

Muhammad gained few early followers, and met hostility from Meccan polytheists.

9

To escape persecution, he sent some followers to Abyssinia before he and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina in the year 622.

10

This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, also known as the Hijri Calendar.

The Islamic, Muslim, or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 months in a year of 354 or 355 days.

11

In Medina, Muhammad united the tribes under the Constitution of Medina.

The Constitution of Medina, also known as the Charter of Medina, was drafted by the Islamic prophet Muhammad shortly after his arrival at Medina in 622 CE, following the Hijra from Mecca.

12

In December 629, after eight years of intermittent wars with Meccan tribes, Muhammad gathered an army of 10,000 Muslim converts and marched on the city of Mecca.

13

The conquest went largely uncontested and Muhammad seized the city with little bloodshed.

14

In 632, a few months after returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage, he fell ill and died.

The Farewell Pilgrimage was the last and only Hajj pilgrimage Muhammad, prophet of Islam, participated in 632 CE.

15

Before his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam.

16

The revelations, which Muhammad reported receiving until his death, form the verses of the Quran, regarded by Muslims as the "Word of God" and around which the religion is based.

17

Besides the Quran, Muhammad's teachings and practices, found in the Hadith and sira literature, are also upheld and used as sources of Islamic law.

A hadith is one of various reports describing the words, actions, or habits of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

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