Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Quebec is the second-most populous province in Canada and the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language.
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Originally called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city.
Mount Royal is a large volcanic-related hill or small mountain in the city of Montreal, immediately west of Downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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The city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, and a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of which is Île Bizard.
Île Bizard is an island near the Island of Montreal in the Hochelaga Archipelago region.
It has a distinct four-season continental climate with warm to hot summers and cold, snowy winters.
In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal.
French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages.
In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The census geographic units of Canada are the administrative divisions defined and used by Canada's federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada to conduct the country's quinquennial census.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second largest primarily French-speaking city in the world, after Paris.
Historically the commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s.
It remains an important centre of commerce, aerospace, transport, finance, pharmaceuticals, technology, design, education, art, culture, tourism, food, fashion, gaming, film, and world affairs.
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth and surrounding space.
A medication is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, and was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere.
The International Civil Aviation Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, and the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings.
The Economist Intelligence Unit is a British business within the Economist Group providing forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis, such as monthly country reports, five-year country economic forecasts, country risk service reports, and industry reports.
The Economist Intelligence Unit publishes an annual Global Liveability Ranking, which ranks 140 cities for their urban quality of life based on assessments of stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds.
Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially called the Games of the XXI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Canada, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the quadrennial Summer Olympics.
In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city.
As of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival.
Formula One is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile.