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the Montgomery Bus Boycott

1

The Montgomery bus boycott was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.

A protest is an expression of bearing witness on behalf of an express cause by words or actions with regard to particular events, policies or situations.

Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.

Segregation is the separation of humans into ethnic or racial groups in daily life.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott by Arnoud van Wijk

2

It was a seminal event in the civil rights movement.

The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott by Angalene

3

The campaign lasted from December 5, 1955 โ€” the Monday after Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person โ€” to December 20, 1956, when the federal ruling Browder v. Gayle took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws that segregated buses were unconstitutional.

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

4

Many important figures in the civil rights movement took part in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. and Ralph Abernathy.

Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 through 1968.

Ralph David Abernathy Sr. was an American civil rights activist and Christian minister.

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