Mixed martial arts is a full-contact combat sport that allows both striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from other combat sports and martial arts.
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a variety of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.
Grappling refers to techniques, maneuvers, and counters applied to an opponent in order to gain a physical advantage, such as improving relative position, escaping, submitting, or injury to the opponent.
A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport with one-on-one combat.
Fight Science Mixed Martial Arts by Gia Phan
The first documented use of the term mixed martial arts was in a review of UFC 1 by television critic Howard Rosenberg in 1993.
The Ultimate Fighting Championship was the first mixed martial arts event by the Ultimate Fighting Championship, held at the McNichols Sports Arena in Denver, Colorado, on November 12, 1993.
The Ultimate Fighting Championship is an American mixed martial arts promotion company, a subsidiary of the parent company William Morris Endeavor, based in Las Vegas, Nevada.
First or 1st is the ordinal form of the number one.
Mixed Martial Arts Moves Part 1 - The Thai Boxing Knee by Beta Academy - Washington D.C.
The term gained popularity when newfullcontact.com, then one of the largest websites covering the sport, hosted and republished the article.
The question of who actually coined the term is subject to debate.
During the early 20th century, various mixed-style contests took place throughout Japan and the Pacific Rim.
The Pacific Rim are the lands around the rim of the Pacific Ocean.
In 1980 CV Productions, Inc., created the first regulated MMA league in the United States, named Tough Guy Contest, later renamed Battle of the Superfighters.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The company sanctioned ten tournaments in Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
However, in 1983 the Pennsylvania State Senate passed a bill prohibiting the sport.
In 1993, the Gracie family brought vale tudo, developed in Brazil from the 1920s, to the United States by founding the Ultimate Fighting Championship MMA promotion company.
The Gracie family is a prominent martial arts family from Brazil known for their development of Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
Originally promoted as a competition to find the most effective martial arts for real unarmed combat, competitors from different fighting styles were pitted against one another in contests with relatively few rules.
Later, individual fighters employed multiple martial arts into their style.
MMA promoters were pressured to adopt additional rules to increase competitors' safety, to comply with sport regulations and to broaden mainstream acceptance of the sport.
Following these changes, the sport has seen increased popularity with a pay-per-view business that rivals boxing and professional wrestling.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.
Pay-per-view is a type of pay television service by which a subscriber of a television service provider can purchase events to view via private telecast.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people wearing protective gloves throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.