Minnijean Brown-Trickey was one of a group of African American teenagers known as the "Little Rock Nine."
African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.
On September 25, 1957, under the gaze of 1,200 armed soldiers and a worldwide audience, Minnijean Brown-Trickey faced down an angry mob and helped to desegregate Central High.
Mobbing, as a sociological term, means bullying of an individual by a group, in any context, such as a family, peer group, school, workplace, neighborhood, community, or online.
She was suspended for six days in December 1957 for dropping her tray, on which she had a bowl of chili, on the floor and splashing two white boys, after several chairs had been pushed in her way, withdrawn, and then pushed in her way again, in the cafeteria.
Later, in February, a group of girls threw a purse filled with combination locks at Minnijean.
She responded by calling the girls "white trash" and she was immediately expelled.
In her adult life, Brown-Trickey continues to be an activist for minority rights.
She lived in Canada for a number of years in the 1980s and 1990s, getting involved in First Nations activism and studying social work at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, and later completing a Master of Social Work degree at Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario.
Laurentian University, which was incorporated on March 28, 1960, is a mid-sized bilingual university in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
Ontario, one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada, is located in east-central Canada.
First Nations are the predominant Indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic.
She has received the Congressional Gold Medal, the Wolf Award, the Spingarn Medal, and many other citations and awards.
The Wolf Award is an accolade conferred by a non-profit organization known as The Wolf Project to individuals, organizations, and communities in recognition of their efforts to improve racial tolerance and understanding.
A Congressional Gold Medal is an award bestowed by the United States Congress; the Congressional Gold Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom are the highest civilian awards in the United States.
The Spingarn Medal is awarded annually by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People for outstanding achievement by an African American.
Under the Clinton administration, she was appointed by President Bill Clinton to serve as Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Department of the Interior responsible for diversity.
The United States Department of the Interior is the United States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land and natural resources, and the administration of programs relating to Native American, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas of the United States.
The presidency of Bill Clinton was the executive branch of the federal government of the United States that began on January 20, 1993 and ended January 20, 2001.
William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
A documentary film about Brown-Trickey entitled Journey to Little Rock: The Untold Story of Minnijean Brown Trickey was produced by North-East Pictures in Ottawa, where Brown-Trickey lived during the 1990s.
In 2007, Laurentian also honored Trickey with an honorary doctorate of laws.
Brown-Trickey has moved back to Little Rock, and resides there with her mother and sister.
Her daughter Spirit Trickey also resides in Little Rock, and is employed at Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site, where she interprets her mother's, and the other eight students' struggle to enter Central.