The Miami Dolphins are a professional American football franchise based in the Miami metropolitan area.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada, and also known as gridiron, is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Miami is a seaport city at the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Florida and its Atlantic coast.
The Miami metropolitan area is the metropolitan area including Miami and nearby communities.
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The Dolphins compete in the National Football League as a member club of the American Football Conference East division.
The National Football League is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference.
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The Dolphins play their home games at Hard Rock Stadium in the northern suburb of Miami Gardens, Florida, and are headquartered in Davie, Florida.
Hard Rock Stadium is a multipurpose football stadium located in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami.
Davie is a town in Broward County, Florida, United States.
The Dolphins and the Atlanta Falcons are the oldest NFL franchises in the Deep South, and Miami is the oldest AFC team in that region.
The Deep South is a cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States.
However, of the four AFC East teams, they are the only team in the division that was not a charter member of the American Football League.
The American Football League was a major professional American football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when it merged with the National Football League.
The American Football Conference – Eastern Division or AFC East is a division of the National Football League 's American Football Conference.
The Dolphins team was founded by attorney-politician Joe Robbie and actor-comedian Danny Thomas.
Amos Muzyad Yakhoob Kairouz, known professionally by his stage name Danny Thomas, was an American nightclub comedian, singer, actor, and producer, whose career spanned five decades.
Joseph "Joe" Robbie was an American entrepreneur, politician and lawyer.
They began play in the AFL in 1966.
The region had not had a professional football team since the days of the Miami Seahawks, who played in the All-America Football Conference in 1946 before becoming the first incarnation of the Baltimore Colts.
For the first few years the Dolphins' full-time training camp and practice facilities were at Saint Andrew's School, a private boys boarding prep school in Boca Raton.
In 1970 the Dolphins joined the NFL when the AFL–NFL merger occurred.
The team made its first Super Bowl appearance in Super Bowl VI, but lost to the Dallas Cowboys, 24–3.
1971 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1971st year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 971st year of the 2nd millennium, the 71st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1970s decade.
Super Bowl VI was an American football game between the National Football Conference champion Dallas Cowboys and the American Football Conference champion Miami Dolphins to decide the National Football League champion for the 1971 season.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League, the highest level of professional American football in the world.
The following year, the Dolphins completed the NFL's only perfect season culminating in a Super Bowl win, winning all 14 of their regular-season games, both of their NFL playoff games, and also Super Bowl VII. The 1972 Dolphins were the third NFL team to accomplish a perfect regular season, and won Super Bowl VIII, becoming the first team to appear in three consecutive Super Bowls, and the second team to win back-to-back championships.
1972 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1972nd year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 972nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1970s decade.
1973 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1973rd year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 973rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1970s decade.
The playoffs, play-offs, postseason and/or finals of a sports league are a competition played after the regular season by the top competitors to determine the league champion or a similar accolade.
Miami also appeared in Super Bowl XVII and Super Bowl XIX, losing both games.
1982 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1982nd year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 982nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1980s decade.
1984 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade.
For most of their early history, the Dolphins were coached by Don Shula, the most successful head coach in professional football history in terms of total games won.
Donald Francis Shula is a former professional American football coach and player who is best known as the head coach of the Miami Dolphins, the team he led to two Super Bowl victories, and to the only perfect season in the history of the National Football League.
Under Shula, the Dolphins posted losing records in only two of his 26 seasons as the head coach.
During the period spanning 1983 to the end of 1999, quarterback Dan Marino became one of the most prolific passers in NFL history, breaking numerous league passing records.
Marino led the Dolphins to five division titles, 10 playoff appearances, and Super Bowl XIX before retiring following the 1999 season.