The menorah is described in the Bible as the seven-lamp ancient Hebrew lampstand made of pure gold and used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses in the wilderness and 300 years later in the Temple in Jerusalem.
The Temple in Jerusalem or Holy Temple was any of a series of structures which were located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, the current site of the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Jerusalem, is a city located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jewish Traditions : How to Light the Menorah by eHow
Fresh olive oil of the purest quality was burned daily to light its lamps.
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "european olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands, Mauritius and Réunion.
Olive oil is a fat obtained from the olive, a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
How to Light the Hanukkah Menorah by Howcast
The menorah has been a symbol of Judaism since ancient times and is the emblem on the coat of arms of the modern state of Israel.
Israel, officially known as the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
In a religious context, sin is the act of violating God's will by transgressing his commandments.
Judaism encompasses the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people.