Matteo Renzi is an Italian politician who has been the Prime Minister of Italy since 22 February 2014 and Secretary of the Democratic Party since 15 December 2013.
A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic, commonly known as the Prime Minister, is the head of government of the Italy.
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.
Italialand - ITALIALAND - NUOVE ATTRAZIONI 11/11/2011 ... by La7 Intrattenimento
He was President of the Province of Florence from 2004 to 2009 and Mayor of Florence from 2009 to 2014.
In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the Metropolitan City of Florence.
Who is Matteo Renzi? by euronews (in English)
At the age of 39 years and 42 days, Renzi became the youngest Italian Prime Minister since unification in 1861, being younger than Benito Mussolini when he took office in 1922 by 52 days.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.
He was also the first person to become Prime Minister as a Mayor.
Currently the youngest leader in the G7, Renzi has been described as the de facto leader of the Party of European Socialists, in opposition to Angela Merkel's People's Party; the two leaders are together often referred to as Merkenzi.
The Group of 7 is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Angela Dorothea Merkel is a German stateswoman and former research scientist.
In 2014 he was ranked as the third most influential person under 40 in the world by the American magazine Fortune, and listed as one of the Top 100 Global Thinkers by Foreign Policy.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
Moreover, Renzi is nicknamed Il Rottamatore due to his ambition of renovating the Italian political establishment.
Since coming to office, Renzi's Government has implemented numerous reforms, including a radical overhaul of the Italian Senate, numerous changes to the electoral system, a relaxation of labour and employment laws with the intention of boosting economic growth, a deep reformation of the public administration, the simplification of the civil trial, the introduction of same-sex civil unions, and the abolition of many small taxes.
Public administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
In law, a trial is a coming together of parties to a dispute, to present information in a tribunal, a formal setting with the authority to adjudicate claims or disputes.
A civil union, also referred to by a variety of other names, is a legally recognized arrangement similar to marriage.