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Mary, Mother of Jesus

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Mary was a first-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.

The New Testament is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.

Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah.

Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.

Mary, Mother of Jesus (1999) by Omar Lenz

2

The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin.

Mary Mother of Jesus Documentary pt 1 by Calisto Monserratt

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In Matthew and Luke she is betrothed to Joseph.

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According to Christian theology she conceived Jesus through the Holy Spirit while still a virgin.

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She accompanied Joseph to Bethlehem, where Jesus was born.

Bethlehem is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, Palestine, about 10 km south of Jerusalem.

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According to Catholic and Orthodox teachings, at the end of her earthly life her body was raised directly into Heaven; this is known in the Christian West as the Assumption.

Heaven, or the heavens, is a common religious, cosmological, or transcendent place where beings such as gods, angels, spirits, saints, or venerated ancestors are said to originate, be enthroned, or live.

7

Mary has been venerated since early Christianity, and is considered by millions to be the most meritorious saint of the religion.

A saint, also historically known as a hallow, is a term used for a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness to God.

A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

Early Christianity covers the period from its origins until the First Council of Nicaea.

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She is said to have miraculously appeared to believers many times over the centuries.

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The Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches believe that Mary, as mother of Jesus, is the Theotokos.

Anglicanism is a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures.

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There is significant diversity in the Marian beliefs and devotional practices of major Christian traditions.

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The Catholic Church holds distinctive Marian dogmas, namely her status as the Mother of God, her Immaculate Conception, her perpetual virginity, and her Assumption into heaven.

The Immaculate Conception, according to the teaching of the Catholic Church, was the conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the womb of her mother, Saint Anne, free from original sin by virtue of the foreseen merits of her son Jesus Christ.

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2017.

Catholicism is a term which in its broadest sense refers to the beliefs and practices of Christian denominations that describe themselves as catholic.

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Many Protestants minimize Mary's role within Christianity, basing their argument on the relative brevity of biblical references.

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Mary also has the highest position in Islam among all women.

Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God.

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She is mentioned in the Quran more often than in the Bible, where two of the longer chapters of the Quran are devoted to her and her family.

The Bible is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

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