Martina Hingis is a Swiss former professional tennis player.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each.
Martina Hingis vs Samantha Stosur 2006 AO Highlights by JOTennisVid
She spent a total of 209 weeks as the singles world No. 1 and 90 weeks as doubles world No. 1, holding both No. 1 rankings simultaneously for 29 weeks.
Martina Hingis vs Jana Novotna: Wimbledon Final 1997 (Extended Highlights) by Wimbledon
She won five Grand Slam singles titles, thirteen Grand Slam women's doubles titles, winning a calendar-year doubles Grand Slam in 1998, and seven Grand Slam mixed doubles titles; for a combined total of twenty-five major titles.
In addition, she won the season-ending WTA Finals two times in singles and three times in doubles, an Olympic silver medal, and a record seventeen Tier I singles titles.
The WTA Finals, is a professional tennis tournament played annually at the end of the season for the top-ranked players on the Women's Tennis Association tour.
The WTA Tier I tournaments were Women's Tennis Association tennis elite tournaments held from 1990 until the end of the 2008 season.
Hingis set a series of "youngest-ever" records during the 1990s, including youngest-ever Grand Slam champion and youngest-ever world No. 1. Before ligament injuries in both ankles forced her to withdraw temporarily from professional tennis in early 2003, at the age of 22, she had won 40 singles titles and 36 doubles titles and, according to Forbes, was the highest-paid female athlete in the world for five consecutive years, 1997 to 2001.
In anatomy, a ligament is the fibrous connective tissue that connects bones to other bones and is also known as articular ligament, articular larua, fibrous ligament, or true ligament.
After several surgeries and long recoveries, Hingis returned to the WTA tour in 2006, climbing to world No. 6, winning two Tier I tournaments, and also receiving the Laureus World Sports Award for Comeback of the Year.
The Laureus World Sports Award for Comeback of the Year is an annual award honouring the achievements of those individuals or teams who have made a comeback performance in the world of sports.
She retired in November 2007 after being hampered by a hip injury for several months and testing positive for a metabolite of cocaine during that year's Wimbledon Championships, which led to a two-year suspension from the sport.
Metabolites are the intermediates and products of metabolism.
In July 2013, Hingis came out of retirement to play the doubles events of the North American hard-court season.
During her doubles comeback, she won four Grand Slam women's doubles tournaments, six Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments, 27 WTA titles, and the silver medal in women's doubles at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.
The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was a major international multi-sport event celebrated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 5 August to 21 August 2016.
Hingis retired after the 2017 WTA Finals while ranked world No. 1.Widely considered an all-time tennis great, Hingis was ranked by Tennis magazine in 2005 as the 8th-greatest female player of the preceding 40 years.
She was named one of the "30 Legends of Women's Tennis: Past, Present and Future" by TIME in June 2011.
In 2013, Hingis was elected into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, and was appointed two years later the organization's first ever Global Ambassador.
The International Tennis Hall of Fame is located in Newport, Rhode Island, United States.