Martial law in the Philippines refers to several intermittent periods in Philippine history wherein the Philippine head of state places an area under the control of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and its predecessor bodies.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normally civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in occupied territory.
A head of state or Chief of State is the highest-ranking position in a sovereign state and is vested with powers to act as the chief public representative of that state.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines are composed of the Philippine Army, Philippine Navy and Philippine Air Force.
Martial Law Declared In Philippines by The Young Turks
Martial law is declared either when there is near-violent civil unrest or in cases of major natural disasters, however most countries use a different legal construct like "state of emergency".
A government or division of government may declare that their area is in a state of emergency.
BATAS MILITAR (1/11) Martial Law in the Philippines by NinoyAquinoTV
Typically, the imposition of martial law accompanies curfews, the suspension of civil law, civil rights, habeas corpus, and the application or extension of military law or military justice to civilians.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Habeas corpus is a recourse in law whereby a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment before a court, usually through a prison official.
Military justice is the body of laws and procedures governing members of the armed forces.
Civilians defying martial law may be subjected to military tribunals.