A marriage license is a document issued, either by a church or state authority, authorizing a couple to marry.
Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognized union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between them, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws.
The word authority can be used to mean the right to exercise power given by the State, or by academic knowledge of an area.
A document is a written, drawn, presented or recorded representation of thoughts.
How to get a Marriage License by TheCityofDenver
The procedure for obtaining a license varies between countries and has changed over time.
Texas counties refuse marriage license for gay couples by CNN
Marriage licenses began to be issued in the Middle Ages, to permit a marriage which would otherwise be illegal.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Today, they are a legal requirement in some jurisdictions and may also serve as the record of the marriage itself, if signed by the couple and witnessed.
In other jurisdictions, a license is not required.
In some jurisdictions, a "pardon" can be obtained for marrying without a license, and in some jurisdictions, common-law marriages and marriage by cohabitation and representation are also recognized.
Common-law marriage, also known as sui iuris marriage, informal marriage, marriage by habit and repute, or marriage in fact is a legal framework in a limited number of jurisdictions where a couple is legally considered married, without that couple having formally registered their relation as a civil or religious marriage.
Cohabitation is an arrangement where two people who are not married live together.
These do not require a marriage license.
There are also some jurisdictions where marriage licenses do not exist at all and a marriage certificate is given to the couple after the marriage ceremony had taken place.
Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris.
They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people, according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.
Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses."