In U.S. politics, the majority floor leader is a partisan position in a legislative body.
The United States is a federal republic in which the President of the United States, United States Congress, and United States federal courts share powers reserved to the national government.
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In the federal Congress, the role of the Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives and the Majority Leader of the United States Senate differ slightly.
Party leaders and whips of the United States House of Representatives, also known as floor leaders, are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus by secret ballot.
The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress alongside the Senate.
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In the United States Senate, the majority leader is the chief spokesperson for the majority party, as the president of the Senate is also the Vice-President of the United States, and the President pro tempore is a largely ceremonial position.
The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest position in the executive branch of the United States, after the President.
In the United States House of Representatives, the majority leader is elected by U.S. Congressmen in the political party holding the largest number of seats in the House.
While the responsibilities vary depending upon the political climate, the Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives typically sets the floor agenda and oversees the committee chairmen.
Given the two-party nature of the U.S. system, the majority leader is almost inevitably either a Republican or a Democrat.
The majority leader is often assisted in his role by whips, whose job is to enforce party discipline on votes deemed to be crucial by the party leadership and to ensure that members do not vote in a way not approved of by the party.
Party discipline is the ability of a parliamentary group of a political party to get its members to support the policies of their party leadership.
Some votes are deemed to be so crucial as to lead to punitive measures if the party line is violated; decisions such as these are often made by the majority leader in conjunction with other senior party leaders.
In the various states, the majority leader of a state legislative chamber usually performs a similar role to the Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives.
The state senate president pro tempores are typically not ceremonial, but instead are more akin to the Majority Leader of the United States Senate.