Majoritarianism is a traditional political philosophy or agenda that asserts that a majority of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they are, why they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever.
A majority is the greater part, or more than half, of the total.
Majoritarianism Divides, Raghuram Rajan Tells Prannoy Roy by NDTV
This traditional view has come under growing criticism, and democracies have increasingly included constraints on what the parliamentary majority can do, in order to protect citizens' fundamental rights.
Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka| Power Sharing | History| CBSE Class 10 Social Sciences by Pebbles CBSE Board Syllabus
This should not be confused with the concept of a majoritarian electoral system, which is a simple electoral system that usually gives a majority of seats to the party with a plurality of votes.
Majority rule is a decision rule that selects alternatives which have a majority, that is, more than half the votes.
A parliament elected by this method may be called a majoritarian parliament.
Under a democratic majoritarian political structure, the majority would not exclude any minority from future participation in the democratic process.
Majoritarianism is sometimes pejoratively referred to by its opponents as "ochlocracy" or "tyranny of the majority".
The tyranny of the majority is an inherent weakness of majority rule in which the majority of an electorate can and does place its own interests above, and at the expense of those in the minority.
A pejorative is a word or grammatical form expressing a negative connotation or a low opinion of someone or something, or showing a lack of respect for someone or something.
Majoritarianism is often referred to as majority rule, which may refer to a majority class ruling over a minority class, while not referring to the decision process called majority rule.