The Lost City of Z is the name given by Col. Percy Harrison Fawcett, a British surveyor, to an indigenous city that he claimed existed in the jungle of the Mato Grosso region of Brazil.
Lieutenant Colonel Percival Harrison Fawcett DSO was a British geographer, artillery officer, cartographer, archaeologist and explorer of South America.
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Mato Grosso is one of the states of Brazil, the third largest by area, located in the western part of the country.
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Based on early histories of South America and his own explorations of the River Amazon region, Fawcett theorized that a complex civilization once existed in the Amazon region and that isolated ruins may have survived.
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Fawcett then found a document known as Manuscript 512, housed at the National Library of Rio de Janeiro, believed to be written by Portuguese bandeirante João da Silva Guimarães who wrote that during 1753 he had discovered the ruins of an ancient city that contained arches, a statue, and a temple with hieroglyphics.
Rio de Janeiro, or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
The Bandeirantes were 17th-century Portuguese settlers in Brazil and fortune hunters.
Manuscript 512 was written after explorations made in the sertão of the province of Bahia.
Bahia is one of the 26 states of Brazil and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast.
Fawcett was preparing to find "Z" when World War I intervened.
World War I, also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
During 1920 he attempted on his own to find the city, but withdrew after suffering from fever and shooting his pack animal.
During a second 1925 expedition, Fawcett, his son Jack, and Raleigh Rimell disappeared in the Mato Grosso jungle.
David Grann's New Yorker article "The Lost City of Z" was expanded into a book The Lost City of Z. A movie of the same name based on the book was released in April 2017.
David Grann is an American journalist, a staff writer for The New Yorker magazine, and a best-selling author.