Los Angeles


Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States after New York City, the most populous city in the state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.

The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, includes the most populous city in the United States ; Long Island and the Mid- and Lower Hudson Valley in the state of New York; the five largest cities in New Jersey and their vicinities; six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut and their vicinities; and five counties in northeastern Pennsylvania.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority.

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Situated in Southern California, Los Angeles is known for its mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, sprawling metropolis, and as a major center of the American entertainment industry.

Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.

Southern California, often abbreviated to SoCal, is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost 10 counties.

A mediterranean climate is the climate typical of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin.

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Los Angeles lies in a large coastal basin surrounded on three sides by mountains reaching up to and over 10,000 feet.

The Los Angeles Basin is located in southern California, in a region known as the Peninsular Ranges.


Historically home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan RodrĂ­guez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.

The Chumash are a Native American people who historically inhabited the central and southern coastal regions of California, in portions of what is now San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles counties, extending from Morro Bay in the north to Malibu in the south.

Alta California, founded in 1769 by Gaspar de Portolá, was a polity of New Spain and after the Mexican War of Independence in 1822, a territory of Mexico.

The Tongva are Native Americans who inhabited the Los Angeles Basin and the Southern Channel Islands, an area covering approximately 4,000 square miles.


The city was officially founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve.

Spanish, also called Castilian, is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native-speakers across the world.


It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence.

The first AFL-NFL World Championship Game in professional American football, known retroactively as Super Bowl I and referred to in some contemporaneous reports, including the game's radio broadcast, as the Super Bowl, was played on January 15, 1967 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California.

The Mexican War of Independence was an armed conflict, and the culmination of a political and social process which ended the rule of Spain in 1821 in the territory of New Spain.


In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thereby becoming part of the United States.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, officially entitled the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, is the peace treaty signed on February 2, 1848, in the Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican–American War.

The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States from 1846 to 1848.


Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood.

A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.


The city experienced rapid growth with the discovery of oil.


The city is the focal point of the larger Los Angeles metropolitan area and the Greater Los Angeles Area region, which contain 13 million and over 18 million people, respectively, as of 2010, making it one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world as well as the second-largest in the United States.

The Greater Los Angeles Area is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in Southern California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County in the center and Orange County to the south.


Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the United States.


The city's inhabitants are referred to as Angelenos.

The demographics of Los Angeles are determined by population surveys such as the American Community Survey and the United States Census.


Nicknamed the "City of Angels", Los Angeles is a global city with a diverse economy in entertainment, culture, media, fashion, science, sports, technology, education, medicine and research.

A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system.


It has been ranked sixth in the Global Cities Index and 9th Global Economic Power Index.


The city is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields and is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States.


The Los Angeles combined statistical area has a gross metropolitan product of $831 billion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Greater Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas.

The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, consisting of the KantĹŤ region of Japan, including the Tokyo Metropolis, as well as the prefecture of Yamanashi.

A combined statistical area is composed of adjacent metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas in the United States and Puerto Rico that can demonstrate economic or social linkage.

Gross metropolitan product is a monetary measure of the value of all final goods and services produced within a metropolitan statistical area during a specified period.


Los Angeles includes Hollywood and leads the world in the creation of television productions and recorded music; it is also one of the leaders in motion picture production.


L.A hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984 and is currently bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics.

The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was a major worldwide multi-athletic event which was celebrated in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, United States.

The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is an international multi-sport event that is hosted by a different city every four years.

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