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11 Facts About London Bridge

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1

"London Bridge" refers to several historical bridges that have spanned the River Thames between the City of London and Southwark, in central London.

A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.

The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London.

Southwark is a district of Central London and part of the London Borough of Southwark.

Fergie - London Bridge by FergieVEVO

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The current crossing, which opened to traffic in 1973, is a box girder bridge built from concrete and steel.

A box girder bridge is a bridge in which the main beams comprise girders in the shape of a hollow box.

London Bridge Is Falling Down - Kids songs and Nursery Rhymes by EFlashApps by EFlashApps

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This replaced a 19th century stone-arched bridge, which in turn superseded a 600-year-old medieval structure.

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This was preceded by a succession of timber bridges, the first built by the Roman founders of London.

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The current bridge stands at the western end of the Pool of London but is positioned 30 metres upstream from previous alignments.

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The traditional ends of the medieval bridge were marked by St Magnus-the-Martyr on the northern bank and Southwark Cathedral on the southern shore.

St Magnus the Martyr, London Bridge is a Church of England church and parish within the City of London.

Not to be confused with the Roman Catholic St George's Cathedral, Southwark.

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Until Putney Bridge opened in 1729, London Bridge was the only road-crossing of the Thames downstream of Kingston upon Thames.

Kingston upon Thames, also known as Kingston, is an area of south west London, England, located 10 miles south west of Charing Cross.

Putney Bridge is a bridge crossing of the River Thames in west London, linking Putney on the south side with Fulham to the north.

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Its importance has been the subject of popular culture throughout the ages such as in the nursery rhyme "London Bridge Is Falling Down" and its inclusion within art and literature.

A nursery rhyme is a traditional poem or song for children in Britain and many other countries, but usage of the term only dates from the late 18th/early 19th century.

"London Bridge Is Falling Down" is a traditional English nursery rhyme and singing game, which is found in different versions all over the world.

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9

The modern bridge is owned and maintained by Bridge House Estates, an independent charity of medieval origin overseen by the City of London Corporation.

The City of London Corporation, officially and legally the Mayor and Commonalty and Citizens of the City of London, is the municipal governing body of the City of London, the historic centre of London and the location of much of the UK's financial sector.

The Bridge House Estates is a charitable trust, established in 1282 by the City of London Corporation in London, England.

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It carries the A3 road, which is maintained by the Greater London Authority.

The A3, known as the Portsmouth Road or London Road in sections, is a major road connecting London and Portsmouth passing close to Kingston upon Thames, Guildford, Haslemere and Petersfield.

A3, A03 or A.III may refer to:

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11

The crossing also delineates an area along the southern bank of the River Thames, between London Bridge and Tower Bridge, that has been designated as a business improvement district.

A business improvement district is a defined area within which businesses are required to pay an additional tax in order to fund projects within the district's boundaries.

Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London built between 1886 and 1894.

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