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12 Facts About the Little Rock Nine

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1

The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.

Little Rock Central High School is an accredited comprehensive public high school in Little Rock, Arkansas, United States.

Little Rock Nine by MarquetteU

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Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas.

Orval Eugene Faubus was an American Democratic politician who served as 36th Governor of Arkansas from 1955 to 1967.

Nine from Little Rock, 1964 - Restored by US National Archives

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They then attended after the intervention of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was an American politician and general who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961.

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4

The U.S. Supreme Court issued its historic Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 347 U.S. 483, on May 17, 1954.

Topeka is the capital city of the U.S. state of Kansas and the seat of Shawnee County.

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Tied to the 14th Amendment, the decision declared all laws establishing segregated schools to be unconstitutional, and it called for the desegregation of all schools throughout the nation.

Desegregation is the process of ending the separation of two groups usually referring to races.

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After the decision, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People attempted to register black students in previously all-white schools in cities throughout the South.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 by Moorfield Storey, Mary White Ovington and W. E. B. Du Bois.

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In Little Rock, the capital city of Arkansas, the Little Rock School Board agreed to comply with the high court's ruling.

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8

Virgil Blossom, the Superintendent of Schools, submitted a plan of gradual integration to the school board on May 24, 1955, which the board unanimously approved.

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The plan would be implemented during the fall of the 1957 school year, which would begin in September 1957.

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10

By 1957, the NAACP had registered nine black students to attend the previously all-white Little Rock Central High, selected on the criteria of excellent grades and attendance.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial organization to advance justice for African Americans by W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey.

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11

Called the "Little Rock Nine", they were Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, Jefferson Thomas, Terrence Roberts, Carlotta Walls LaNier, Minnijean Brown, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Thelma Mothershed, and Melba Pattillo Beals.

Elizabeth Eckford is one of the Little Rock Nine, a group of African-American students who, in 1957, were the first black students ever to attend classes at Little Rock Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Melba Joy Pattillo Beals is a journalist and member of the Little Rock Nine, a group of African-American students who were the first to integrate Central High in Little Rock, Arkansas.

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Ernest Green was the first African American to graduate from Central High School.

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