Linus Benedict Torvalds is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, for a long time, principal developer, of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as GNU and years later Android and Chrome OS.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on the Linux kernel and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Linux is a Unix-like and mostly POSIX-compliant computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.
Software engineering is the application of engineering to the design, development, implementation, testing and maintenance of software in a systematic method.
Linus Torvalds: Why Linux Is Not Successful On Dektop by Muktware
He also created the distributed revision control system Git and the diving logging and planning software Subsurface.
In computer programming, distributed version control, also known as distributed revision control or decentralized version control, allows many software developers to work on a given project without requiring them to share a common network.
Linus Torvalds: We Don't Use Windows by Muktware
He was honored, along with Shinya Yamanaka, with the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland "in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel".
Open-source software is computer software with its source code made available with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
Technology Academy Finland is an independent foundation established in 2002 by Finnish industry and the Government of Finland in partnership.
The Millennium Technology Prize is one of the world's largest technology prizes.
He is also the recipient of the 2014 IEEE Computer Society Computer Pioneer Award.
The Computer Pioneer Award was established in 1981 by the Board of Governors of the IEEE Computer Society to recognize and honor the vision of those people whose efforts resulted in the creation and continued vitality of the computer industry.