A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
The word authority can be used to mean the right to exercise power given by the State, or by academic knowledge of an area.
A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members who use parliamentary procedure to make decisions.
A city is a large and permanent human settlement.
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Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.
The separation of powers, often imprecisely and metonymically used interchangeably with the trias politica principle, is a model for the governance of a state.
A government is the system by which a state or community is controlled.
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Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Legislation is law which has been promulgated by a legislature or other governing body or the process of making it.
Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process.
A budget is a quantitative expression of a plan for a defined period of time.
The members of a legislature are called legislators.
A legislator is a person who writes and passes laws, especially someone who is a member of a legislature.
In a democracy, legislators are most commonly popularly elected, although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber.
Democracy, in modern usage, is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament.
An indirect election is a process in which voters in an election do not choose between candidates for an office, but rather elect persons who will then make the choice.
An upper house, sometimes called a senate, is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house.