Lance Edward Armstrong is an American former professional road racing cyclist.
Lance Armstrong The Big Interview BBC Documentary 2015 by SK-HE-Lance Armstrong
He is the 1993 Elite Men's Road Race World Champion, and he had won the Tour de France seven consecutive times from 1999 to 2005, but was stripped of his Tour de France victories in 2012 after a protracted doping scandal.
The Tour de France is an annual multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
Cycling's Greatest Fraud: Lance Armstrong National ... by gambit102
At age 16, Armstrong began competing as a triathlete and was a national sprint-course triathlon champion in 1989 and 1990.
A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance disciplines.
In 1992, Armstrong began his career as a professional cyclist with the Motorola team.
He had notable success between 1993 and 1996, including the World Championship in 1993, Clásica de San Sebastián in 95, Tour DuPont in 95 and 96, and a handful of stage victories in Europe, including stage 18 of the 1995 Tour de France.
1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1995th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 995th year of the 2nd millennium, the 95th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1990s decade.
The Donostia-Donostia Klasikoa — Clásica San Sebastián-San Sebastián is a cycle race that has been held every summer since 1981 in San Sebastián, Spain.
The 1995 Tour de France was the 82nd Tour de France, taking place from 1 to 23 July.
In 1996, he was diagnosed with a potentially fatal metastatic testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system.
After his recovery, he founded the Lance Armstrong Foundation to assist other cancer survivors.
The Livestrong Foundation, formerly known as the Lance Armstrong Foundation, is a United States nonprofit organization that provides support for people affected by cancer.
By January 1998, Armstrong had renewed serious cycling training, having signed a new racing contract with US Postal.
He was a member of the US Postal/Discovery team between 1998 and 2005, in which he won his Tour de France titles, as well as a bronze medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics.
The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
In July 2005, Armstrong retired from racing at the end of the 2005 Tour de France, but returned to competitive cycling with the Astana team in January 2009, finishing third in the 2009 Tour de France later that year.
The 2005 Tour de France was the 92nd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours.
Between 2010 and 2011, he raced with the UCI ProTeam he helped found, Team Radio Shack.
A UCI WorldTeam or UCI ProTeam is the term used by the Union Cycliste Internationale to name a cycling team of the highest category in professional road cycling, the UCI World Tour or UCI ProTour, respectively.
Team RadioShack was a professional road bicycle racing team, with RadioShack as the title sponsor, the creation of which was announced on July 23, 2009.
He retired for a second time in 2011.
Armstrong had been the subject of doping allegations ever since winning the 1999 Tour de France.
In 2012, a United States Anti-Doping Agency investigation concluded that Armstrong had used performance-enhancing drugs over the course of his career and named him as the ringleader of "the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen."
Armstrong chose not to contest the charges, citing the potential toll on his family.
As a result, he received a lifetime ban from competing in all sports that follow the World Anti-Doping Agency code—effectively ending his athletic career.
The World Anti-Doping Agency is a foundation created through a collective initiative led by the International Olympic Committee.
He was also stripped of all of his achievements after 1998, including his seven Tour de France titles.
On October 22, 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale upheld USADA's decision.
The Union Cycliste Internationale, commonly known by the acronym UCI, is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events.
They also decided that his stripped wins would not be allocated to other riders.
Armstrong chose not to appeal the decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
The Court of Arbitration for Sport is an international quasi-judicial body established to settle disputes related to sport through arbitration.