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20 Facts About the Korean War

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1

The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea.

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea, is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula.

-Korean War- Documentary Film 1950-1953 by Kyungho Dean

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The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following a series of clashes along the border.

The Korean War in Colour Documentary by Documentary101

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The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.

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4

China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union also gave some assistance to the North.

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR, was a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Korea was ruled by Imperial Japan from 1910 until the closing days of World War II. In August 1945, one day after the bombing of Nagasaki, the Soviet Union declared war on Imperial Japan, as a result of an agreement with the United States, and liberated Korea north of the 38th parallel.

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.

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U.S. forces subsequently moved into the south.

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By 1948, as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea was split into two regions, with separate governments.

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.

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Both claimed to be the legitimate government of all of Korea, and neither accepted the border as permanent.

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9

The conflict escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—moved into the south on 25 June 1950.

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10

On 27 June, the United Nations Security Council authorized the formation and dispatch of UN forces to Korea to repel what was recognized as a North Korean invasion.

The United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.

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Twenty-one countries of the United Nations eventually contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing 88% of the UN's military personnel.

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12

After the first two months of war, South Korean and U.S. forces rapidly dispatched to Korea were on the point of defeat, forced back to a small area in the south known as the Pusan Perimeter.

Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially Busan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.

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In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Incheon, and cut off many North Korean troops.

Incheon, officially the Incheon Metropolitan City, is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east.

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14

Those who escaped envelopment and capture were forced back north.

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UN forces rapidly approached the Yalu River—the border with China—but in October 1950, mass Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war.

The Yalu River, also called the Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China.

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The surprise Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951.

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After these reversals of fortune, which saw Seoul change hands four times, the last two years of fighting became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel.

Seoul, officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital and largest metropolis of the Republic of Korea.

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The war in the air, however, was never a stalemate.

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North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign.

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Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, and Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.

In political and social sciences, communism is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.

Combat or fight is a purposeful violent conflict meant to weaken, establish dominance over, or kill the opposition, or to drive the opposition away from a location where it is not wanted or needed.

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