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the Knights of Labor

1

Knights of Labor, officially Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor, was the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the 1880s.

Knights of Labor by atila141

2

Its most important leaders were Terence V. Powderly and step-brother Joseph Bath.

Terence Vincent Powderly was an American labor union leader, politician and attorney, best known as head of the Knights of Labor in the late 1880s.

American Federation of Labor (American Labor Movement) by Tom Richey

3

The Knights promoted the social and cultural uplift of the workingman, rejected socialism and anarchism, demanded the eight-hour day, and promoted the producers ethic of republicanism.

The eight-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement, also known as the short-time movement, was a social movement to regulate the length of a working day, preventing excesses and abuses.

4

In some cases it acted as a labor union, negotiating with employers, but it was never well organized, and after a rapid expansion in the mid-1880s, it suddenly lost its new members and became a small operation again.

5

It was founded by Uriah Stephens on December 28, 1869, reached 28,000 members in 1880, then jumped to 100,000 in 1884.

6

By 1886 20% of all workers were affiliated with the KOL, ballooning to nearly 800,000 members.

7

Its frail organizational structure could not cope as it was battered by charges of failure and violence and calumnies of the association with the Haymarket Square riot.

8

Most members abandoned the movement in 1886-87, leaving at most 100,000 in 1890.

9

Many of them chose to join groups that helped to identify their specific need, instead of the KOL that addressed many different types of issues.

10

Furthermore, the Panic of 1893 terminated the Knights of Labor's importance.

The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in 1893 and ended in 1897.

11

Remnants of the Knights of Labor continued in existence until 1949, when the group's last 50-member local dropped its affiliation.

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