James Earl Carter Jr. is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
Jimmy Carter speaks on cancer diagnosis by FOX 5 Atlanta
A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the Governor of Georgia prior to his election as president.
President Jimmy Carter - "Crisis of Confidence" Speech by MCamericanpresident
Carter has remained active in public life during his post-presidency, and in 2002 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the Carter Center.
The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Carter Center is a nongovernmental, not-for-profit organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter.
Carter joined the United States Navy after graduating high school, serving on nuclear submarines.
The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
A navy or maritime force is a fleet of waterborne military vessels and its associated naval aviation, both sea-based and land-based.
He left the Navy in 1953 to return to Georgia, where he worked as a peanut farmer.
The peanut, also known as the groundnut and the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
A farmer is a person engaged in agriculture, raising living organisms for food or raw materials.
From 1963 to 1967, Carter served in the Georgia State Senate.
The Georgia State Senate is the upper house of the Georgia General Assembly.
In 1970, Carter won election as Governor of Georgia, defeating former Governor Carl Sanders in the Democratic primary.
Despite being little-known outside of Georgia at the start of the campaign, Carter won the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination.
In the general election, Carter defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford in a relatively close election.
The Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
On his second day in office, Carter pardoned all evaders of the Vietnam War drafts.
The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
During Carter's term as President, two new cabinet-level departments, the Department of Energy and the Department of Education, were established.
He established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and new technology.
In foreign affairs, Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, and the return of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union—the Cold War superpowers—on the issue of armament control.
The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David.
The Torrijos–Carter Treaties are two treaties signed by the United States and Panama in Washington, D.C., on September 7, 1977, which abrogated the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty of 1903.
On the economic front he confronted persistent "stagflation", a combination of high inflation, high unemployment and slow growth.
In economics, stagflation, a portmanteau of stagnation and inflation, is a situation in which the inflation rate is high, the economic growth rate slows, and unemployment remains steadily high.
The end of his presidential tenure was marked by the 1979–1981 Iran hostage crisis, the 1979 energy crisis, the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
The 1979 oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the United States due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
Iran, also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a sovereign state in Western Asia.
An energy crisis is any significant bottleneck in the supply of energy resources to an economy.
In response to the invasion, Carter ended détente, escalated the Cold War, and led the international boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.
The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union, in present-day Russia.
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of the Russian Federation, with 12.2 million residents within the city limits and 16.8 million within the urban area.
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.
In 1980, Carter faced a primary challenge from Senator Ted Kennedy, but Carter won re-nomination at the 1980 Democratic National Convention.
The Democratic National Convention is a series of presidential nominating conventions held every four years since 1832 by the United States Democratic Party.
Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy was an American politician and lawyer who served as a United States Senator from Massachusetts from 1962 until his death in 2009.
The 1980 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party nominated President Jimmy Carter and Vice President Walter Mondale for reelection.
Carter lost the general election in an electoral landslide to Republican nominee Ronald Reagan.
Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Polls of historians and political scientists usually rank Carter as a below average president.