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Jackie Robinson

1

Jack Roosevelt Robinson was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era.

Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of nine players each, who take turns batting and fielding.

42 - The Jackie Robinson Story by Dawson Wright

2

Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947.

The Brooklyn Dodgers were a Major League baseball team, active primarily in the National League from 1884 until 1957, after which the club moved to Los Angeles, California, where it continues its history as the Los Angeles Dodgers.

The Color Line, also known as the Color Barrier, in American baseball excluded players of Black African descent from Major League Baseball and its affiliated Minor Leagues until 1947.

Brooklyn is the most populous borough of New York City, with a Census-estimated 2,636,735 residents in 2015.

Jackie Robinson interviewed on d*ck Cavett Show by pianopappy

3

When the Dodgers signed Robinson, they heralded the end of racial segregation in professional baseball that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues since the 1880s.

4

Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.

5

Robinson had an exceptional 10-year MLB career.

6

He was the recipient of the inaugural MLB Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, was an All-Star for six consecutive seasons from 1949 through 1954, and won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949—the first black player so honored.

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada, and the world's oldest current professional team sports league.

7

Robinson played in six World Series and contributed to the Dodgers' 1955 World Series championship.

The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League champion team and the National League champion team.

The 1955 World Series matched the Brooklyn Dodgers against the New York Yankees, with the Dodgers winning the Series in seven games to capture their first championship in franchise history.

8

In 1997, MLB retired his uniform number 42 across all major league teams; he was the first pro athlete in any sport to be so honored.

9

MLB also adopted a new annual tradition, "Jackie Robinson Day", for the first time on April 15, 2004, on which every player on every team wears No. 42.

Jackie Robinson Day is a traditional event which occurs annually in Major League Baseball, commemorating and honoring the day Jackie Robinson made his major league debut.

10

Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence, and his unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation which then marked many other aspects of American life.

Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.

11

He influenced the culture of and contributed significantly to the civil rights movement.

The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.

12

Robinson also was the first black television analyst in MLB and the first black vice president of a major American corporation, Chock full o'Nuts.

Chock full o'Nuts is a brand of coffee originating from a chain of New York City coffee shops.

13

In the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank, an African-American-owned financial institution based in Harlem, New York.

Freedom National Bank was an African-American owned bank in Harlem founded in 1964 and shut down in 1990.

14

After his death in 1972, in recognition of his achievements on and off the field, Robinson was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom.

A Congressional Gold Medal is an award bestowed by the United States Congress; the Congressional Gold Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom are the highest civilian awards in the United States.

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