The J. Edgar Hoover Building is a low-rise office building located at 935 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C., in the United States.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover, movie by Dune Buggy
It is the headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, or FBI, is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, which simultaneously serves as the nation's prime federal law enforcement agency.
Headquarters denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated.
Inside J. Edgar Hoover's FBI: Secrets, Myths, History, Investigations, Career, Director (1995) by The Film Archives
Planning for the building began in 1962, and a site was formally selected in January 1963.
Design work, focusing on avoiding the typical blocky, monolithic structure typical of most federal architecture at the time, began in 1963 and was largely complete by 1964.
Land clearance and excavation of the foundation began in March 1965; delays in obtaining congressional funding meant that only the three-story substructure was complete by 1970.
Work on the superstructure began in May 1971.
These delays meant that the cost of the project grew to $126.108 million from $60 million.
Construction finished in September 1975, and President Gerald Ford dedicated the structure on September 30, 1975.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977.
The building is named for former FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.
President Richard Nixon directed federal agencies to refer to the structure as the J. Edgar Hoover FBI Building on May 4, 1972, but the order did not have the force of law.
Richard Milhous Nixon was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States from 1969 until 1974, when he became the only U.S. president to resign from office.
The U.S. Congress enacted legislation formally naming the structure on October 14, 1972, and President Nixon signed it on October 21.
The J. Edgar Hoover Building has 2,800,876 square feet of internal space, numerous amenities, and a special, secure system of elevators and corridors to keep public tours separate from the rest of the building.
The building has three floors below-ground, and an underground parking garage.
The structure is eight stories high on the Pennsylvania Avenue NW side, and 11 stories high on the E Street NW side.
Two wings connect the two main buildings, forming an open-air, trapezoidal courtyard.
The exterior is buff-colored precast and cast-in-place concrete with repetitive, square, bronze-tinted windows set deep in concrete frames.
Concrete is a composite material composed of coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement that hardens over time.
Critical reaction to the J. Edgar Hoover Building ranged from strong praise to strong disapproval when it opened.
More recently, it has been widely condemned on aesthetic and urban planning grounds.
As of 2012, the J. Edgar Hoover Building is nearing the end of its useful lifespan.
It is suffering from deterioration due to deferred maintenance and mediocre design.