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the Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

Industrial Revolution by Dewi Griffiths

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This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system.

A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.

A machine tool is a machine for shaping or machining metal or other rigid materials, usually by cutting, boring, grinding, shearing, or other forms of deformation.

A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties.

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION comes to Europe and America! by IT'S HISTORY

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Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested; the textile industry was also the first to use modern production methods.

The textile industry is primally concerned with the design and production of yarn, cloth, clothing, and their distribution.

A textile or cloth is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres.

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The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain and many of the technological innovations were British.

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the north-west coast of continental Europe.

Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".

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By the mid-18th century Britain controlled a global trading empire with colonies in North America and political influence over the Indian subcontinent by the East India Company.

The East India Company, also known as the Honourable East India Company or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, which was formed to pursue trade with the East Indies but ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.

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The development of trade and the rise of business were major causes of the Industrial Revolution.

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The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in history; almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way.

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In particular, average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth.

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Some economists say that the major impact of the Industrial Revolution was that the standard of living for the general population began to increase consistently for the first time in history, although others have said that it did not begin to meaningfully improve until the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods, and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area, usually a country.

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GDP per capita was broadly stable before the Industrial Revolution and the emergence of the modern capitalist economy, while the Industrial Revolution began an era of per-capita economic growth in capitalist economies.

An ore is a type of rock that contains sufficient minerals with important elements including metals that can be economically extracted from the rock.

Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.

11

Economic historians are in agreement that the onset of the Industrial Revolution is the most important event in the history of humanity since the domestication of animals and plants.

Domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group.

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The precise start and end of the Industrial Revolution is still debated among historians, as is the pace of economic and social changes.

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Eric Hobsbawm held that the Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the 1780s and was not fully felt until the 1830s or 1840s, while T. S. Ashton held that it occurred roughly between 1760 and 1830.

Eric John Ernest Hobsbawm CH FRSL FBA was a British Marxist historian of the rise of industrial capitalism, socialism and nationalism.

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Rapid industrialization first began in Britain, starting with mechanized spinning in the 1780s, with high rates of growth in steam power and iron production occurring after 1800.

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Mechanized textile production spread from Great Britain to continental Europe and the United States in the early 19th century, with important centres of textiles, iron and coal emerging in Belgium and the United States and later textiles in France.

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An economic recession occurred from the late 1830s to the early 1840s when the adoption of the original innovations of the Industrial Revolution, such as mechanized spinning and weaving, slowed and their markets matured.

Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.

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Innovations developed late in the period, such as the increasing adoption of locomotives, steamboats and steamships, hot blast iron smelting and new technologies technologies, such as the electrical telegraph, widely introduced in the 1840s and 1850s, were not powerful enough to drive high rates of growth.

An electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electrical signals, usually conveyed via dedicated telecommunication lines or radio.

Smelting is a form of extractive metallurgy; its main use is to produce a base metal from its ore.

A locomotive or engine is a rail transport vehicle that provides the motive power for a train.

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Rapid economic growth began to occur after 1870, springing from a new group of innovations in what has been called the Second Industrial Revolution.

The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution, was a phase of rapid industrialization in the final third of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th.

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These new innovations included new steel making processes, the large-scale manufacture of machine tools and the use of increasingly advanced machinery in steam-powered factories.

Steel is an alloy of iron and other elements, primarily carbon, that is widely used in construction and other applications because of its high tensile strength and low cost.

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