Improvised Explosive Device


An improvised explosive device is a bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

The military, also called the armed forces, are forces authorized to use deadly force, and weapons, to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens.

A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.

Improvised Explosive Device Ambush in Iraq by sasty73


It may be constructed of conventional military explosives, such as an artillery round, attached to a detonating mechanism.

Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.

VBIED Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device IED by medstudd26


IEDs are commonly used as roadside bombs.


IEDs are generally seen in heavy terrorist actions or in unconventional warfare by guerrillas or commando forces in a theater of operations.

Terrorism is, in its broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror or fear, in order to achieve a political, religious, or ideological aim.

A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.

A convention is a set of agreed, stipulated, or generally accepted standards, norms, social norms, or criteria, often taking the form of a custom.


In the second Iraq War, IEDs were used extensively against US-led invasion forces and by the end of 2007 they had become responsible for approximately 63% of coalition deaths in Iraq.

Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west.

The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that toppled the government of Saddam Hussein.


They are also used in Afghanistan by insurgent groups, and have caused over 66% of coalition casualties in the 2001–present Afghanistan War.

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

An insurgency is a rebellion against authority when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents.


IEDs were also used extensively by cadres of the rebel Tamil Tiger organization against military targets in Sri Lanka.

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam was a Tamil militant organization, often classified as a terrorist group, that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia near south-east India.

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