An immigration policy is any policy of a state that deals with the transit of people across its borders into the country, but especially those that intend to work and stay in the country.
The racist history of US immigration policy by Vox
Immigration policies can range from allowing no migration at all to allowing most types of migration, such as free immigration.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take-up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Free migration or open immigration is the position that people should be able to migrate to whatever country they choose.
Immigration Policy and the Economic Impact of Immigration by UMBCtube
Often, racial or religious bias is tied to immigration policy.
Ethnic relations policy within a country can usually be broadly categorized as either 'assimilationist' or 'multiculturalist'.
Cultural assimilation is the process by which a person or a group's language and/or culture come to resemble those of another group.
Nowadays, immigration policy is often closely related to other policies and issues:
Tax, tariff and trade rules that determine what goods immigrants may bring with them, what services they may perform while temporarily in the country, and who is allowed to remain like the European Union has few immigration restrictions within it.
A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer by a state or the functional equivalent of a state to fund various public expenditures.
The European Union is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Almost any citizen or resident of any of the signatory nations may move and seek work anywhere within the EU, and there is little that member states can do to stop it without leaving the EU or renegotiating the treaty.
Investment policy that permits wealthy immigrants to invest in businesses in exchange for favorable treatment, early issuance of passports and permanent resident status.
An investment policy is any government regulation or law that encourages or discourages foreign investment in the local economy, e.g. currency exchange limits.
Agricultural policy, which may make exemptions for migrant farm workers, who typically enter a country only for the harvest season and then return home to a developing nation.
A developing country, also called a less developed country or underdeveloped country, is a nation or sovereign state with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index relative to other countries.
Agricultural policy describes a set of laws relating to domestic agriculture and imports of foreign agricultural products.
Overcrowding, which can be blamed for the spread of Tuberculosis or a house price boom
According to the World Health Organization, overcrowding refers to the situation in which more people are living within a single dwelling than there is space for, so that movement is restricted, privacy secluded, hygiene impossible, rest and sleep difficult.
Real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation is the process of developing an opinion of value for real property.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Birth rates, which are low in developed nations
The birth rate is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year.
An important aspect of immigration policy is the treatment of refugees, more or less helpless or stateless people who throw themselves on the mercy of the state they enter, seeking refuge from poor treatment in their country of origin.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely.
With the rise of terrorism worldwide, another major concern is the national security of nations that let people cross borders.
National security is a concept that a government, along with its parliaments, should protect the state and its citizens against all kind of "national" crises through a variety of power projections, such as political power, diplomacy, economic power, military might, and so on.
Terrorism is, in its broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence in order to achieve a political, religious, or ideological aim.
The belief is that terrorists can come from overseas.
These concerns often lead to intrusive security searches and tighter visa requirements, which can discourage immigration, temporary visitors, and even movement within countries or birth within countries.
There is often pressure on nations to loosen immigration policy or inspections to enable tourism and relocation of businesses to a country, from a destabilized region.
Tourism is travel for pleasure; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.