Humanitarian aid is material and logistic assistance to people in need.
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It is usually short-term help until the long-term help by government and other institutions replaces it.
Among the people in need belong homeless, refugees, victims of natural disasters, wars and famines.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
The primary purpose of humanitarian aid is to save lives, reduce suffering and respect to human dignity.
Moral, ethical, legal, and political discussions use the concept of dignity to express the idea that a being has an innate right to be valued, respected, and to receive ethical treatment.
Suffering, or pain in a broad sense, may be an experience of unpleasantness and aversion associated with the perception of harm or threat of harm in an individual.
Humanitarianism is a moral of kindness, benevolence, and sympathy extended to all human beings.
Humanitarian aid is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises including natural disasters and man-made disaster.
A humanitarian crisis is defined as a singular event or a series of events that are threatening in terms of health, safety or well being of a community or large group of people.
Anthropogenic hazards are those hazards caused directly or indirectly by human action or inaction.
The primary objective of humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity.
It may therefore be distinguished from development aid, which seeks to address the underlying socioeconomic factors which may have led to a crisis or emergency.
Development aid is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social, and political development of developing countries.
According to The Overseas Development Institute, a London-based research establishment, whose findings were released in April 2009 in the paper 'Providing aid in insecure environments:2009 Update', the most lethal year in the history of humanitarianism was 2008, in which 122 aid workers were murdered and 260 assaulted.
Those countries deemed least safe were Somalia and Afghanistan.
Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
In 2012, Humanitarian Outcomes  reports that the countries with the highest incidents were: Afghanistan, South Sudan, Syria, Pakistan and Somalia.