Human Settlement


In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live.

A community is commonly considered a social unit who share something in common, such as norms, values, identity, and often a sense of place that is situated in a given geographical area.

Geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.

Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

Evolution of settlements by John Lanser


A settlement can range in size from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas.

Human Settlements - physical features by Justin Howard


Settlements may include hamlets, villages, towns and cities.

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.


In the field of geospatial predictive modeling, settlements are "a city, town, village ghost or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work."

Geospatial predictive modeling is conceptually rooted in the principle that the occurrences of events being modeled are limited in distribution.

A building or edifice is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory.


A settlement conventionally includes its constructed facilities such as roads, enclosures, field systems, boundary banks and ditches, ponds, parks and woods, wind and water mills, manor houses, moats and churches.

A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or some form of conveyance, including a motor vehicle, cart, bicycle, or horse.

A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.

A park is an area of natural, semi-natural, or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.


The oldest remains that have been found of constructed dwellings are remains of huts that were made of mud and branches around 17,000 BC at the Ohalo site near the edge of the Sea of Galilee.

Ohalo is the common designation for the archaeological site Ohalo II in the vicinity of the Sea of Galilee, and one of the best preserved hunter-gatherer archaeological sites of the Last Glacial Maximum, having been radiocarbon dated to around 19,400 BP.

The Sea of Galilee, also Kinneret, Lake of Gennesaret, or Lake Tiberias, is a large freshwater lake in Israel.


The Natufians built houses, also in the Levant, around 10,000 BC.

The Natufian culture was an Epipaleolithic culture that existed from around 12,500 to 9,500 BC in the Levant, a region in the Eastern Mediterranean.

The Levant is an approximate historical geographical term referring to a large area in the eastern Mediterranean.


Remains of settlements such as villages become much more common after the invention of agriculture.

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