In physical geography and geology, a horst is the raised fault block bounded by normal faults or graben.
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement.
Geology is an earth science comprising the study of solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change.
Geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.
A horst is a raised block of the Earth's crust that has lifted, or has remained stationary, while the land on either side has subsided.
In geology, the crust is the outermost solid shell of a rocky planet or natural satellite, which is chemically distinct from the underlying mantle.
Horst is Dutch and German for heap.
Dutch is a West Germanic language that is spoken in the European Union by about 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent that of Belgium—and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Vosges Mountains in France and Black Forest in Germany are examples of horsts, as are the Table, Jura and the Dole mountains.
Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa, and is featured in the Flag of Cape Town and other local government insignia.
The Jura Mountains are a sub-alpine mountain range located north of the Western Alps, mainly following the course of the France–Switzerland border.
The Vosges, also called the Vosges Mountains, are a range of low mountains in eastern France, near its border with Germany.
The word is also applied to larger areas, such as the Russian Plain, Arabia, India and Central South Africa, where the continent remains stable, with horizontal table-land stratification, in distinction to folded regions such as the Eurasian chains.
The East European Plain is a vast interior plain extending east of the Polish Plain, and comprising several plateaus stretching roughly from 25 degrees longitude eastward.
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia is a peninsula of Western Asia situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian plate.
Stratigraphy is a branch of geology which studies rock layers and layering.