Hong Kong people, also known as Hong Kongers or Hong Kongese, are people who originate from or live in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the Pearl River Delta of East Asia.
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Besides their use to refer to Hong Kong residents, these terms may also be used more loosely to refer to those who may not be residents, but have lived in the city for an extensive period of time or have a strong cultural connection with Hong Kong.
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The terms have no legal definition by the Hong Kong Government; more precise terms such as Hong Kong Permanent Resident and Hong Kong Resident are used in legal contexts.
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, commonly the Hong Kong Government or simplified as GovHK, refers to the executive authorities of the Hong Kong SAR.
However, the words "Hongkonger" and "Hong Kongese" were officially added to the Oxford English Dictionary in March 2014.
The Oxford English Dictionary is a descriptive dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Hong Kong people do not comprise one particular ethnicity, and people that live in Hong Kong are independent of Chinese citizenship and residency status.
The majority of Hong Kongers are of Chinese descent and are ethnic Chinese ; however there are also Hong Kongers of, for example, Indian, Filipino, Nepalese, Indonesian, Pakistani, Vietnamese, and British descent.
Expatriates from many other countries live and work in the city.
During the years leading up to the 1997 handover of sovereignty from Britain to China, many residents left Hong Kong and settled in other parts of the world.
As a result, there are groups of Hong Kongers that hold immigrant status in other countries.
Some who emigrated during that period have since returned to Hong Kong.
Due to China's "one country, two systems" policy, Hong Kong is a highly autonomous region and operates largely independently of China, having its own passport, currency, flag, and official languages.
"One country, two systems" is a constitutional principle formulated by Deng Xiaoping, the Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China, for the reunification of China during the early 1980s.
Furthermore, due to increasing social and political tensions between Hong Kong and Mainland China and desinicisation in the territory, a recent poll found that an estimated of less than 20% of Hong Kong citizens currently identify themselves solely as Chinese, 38% identify themselves solely as a Hong Konger, and the largest group identify as a Hong Kong Chinese.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China.