Historically black colleges and universities are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African-American community.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Higher education in the United States is an optional final stage of formal learning following secondary education.
The State of Historically Black Colleges and Universities by lostfootage23
This was because the overwhelming majority of predominantly white institutions of higher-learning disqualified African Americans from enrollment during segregation.
The history and importance of the HBCU experience | Elwood Robinson | TEDxAugusta by TEDx Talks
There are 101 HBCUs in the United States, including public and private institutions.
This figure is down from the 121 institutions that existed during the 1930s.
Of these remaining HBCU institutions in the United States, 27 offer doctoral programs, 52 schools offer master's programs, 83 colleges offer bachelor's degree programs and 38 schools offer associate degrees.