GossipSloth

the Himalayas

1

The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

The Tibetan Plateau, also known in China as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Qing–Zang Plateau or Himalayan Plateau, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia and East Asia, covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai in western China, as well as part of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India.

The Indian subcontinent or the subcontinent is a southern region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

The Himalayas with the Royal Enfield Himalayan by Makina

2

The Himalayan range has many of the Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest.

Mount Everest is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.

EPIC JOURNEY TO HIMALAYAS ! VEDANG EP-1 (PITHORAGARH TO DANTU)) by THE HIMALAYAN HUSKY

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The Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 metres in elevation, including ten of the fourteen 8,000-metre peaks.

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By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia is 6,961 metres tall.

5

Lifted by the subduction of the Indian tectonic plate under the Eurasian Plate, the Himalayan mountain range runs west-northwest to east-southeast in an arc 2,400 kilometres long.

The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia, with the notable exceptions of the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Chersky Range in East Siberia.

Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced to sink due to high gravitational potential energy into the mantle.

6

Its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of Indus river.

The Indus River is one of the longest rivers in Asia, originating in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity of Lake Manasarovar, the river runs a course through Ladakh towards the Gilgit-Baltistan region Hindukush ranges, and then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh.

A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

Nanga Parbat, locally known as Diamer, is the ninth highest mountain in the world at 8,126 metres above sea level.

7

Its eastern anchor, Namcha Barwa, is just west of the great bend of the Yarlung Tsangpo River.

Tsangpo is the suffix attached to names of rivers originating or sometimes flowing through the Tsang province of Tibet, including:

The Yarlung Tsangpo, also called Yarlung Zangbo or Yalu Zangbu is the longest river of Tibet Autonomous Region, China.

8

The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges, to the north, the chain is separated from the Tibetan Plateau by a 50–60 kilometres wide tectonic valley called the Indus-Tsangpo Suture.

The Karakoram or Karakorum is a large mountain range spanning the borders of Pakistan, India, and China, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan.

The Hindu Kush is an 800-kilometre-long mountain range that stretches through Afghanistan, from its centre to northern Pakistan and into Tajikistan.

9

Towards the south the arc of the Himalaya is ringed by the very low Indo-Gangetic Plain.

The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 630-million-acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.

10

The range varies in width from 350 kilometres in the west to 150 kilometres in the east.

11

The Himalayas are distinct from the other great ranges of central Asia, although sometimes the term Himalaya is loosely used to include the Karakoram and some of the other ranges.

12

The Himalayas are inhabited by 52.7 million people and are spread across five countries: Nepal, India, Bhutan, China and Pakistan.

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia with a population of 26.4 million.

13

Some of the world's major rivers — the Indus, the Ganges and the Tsangpo-Brahmaputra — rise in the Himalayas, and their combined drainage basin is home to roughly 600 million people.

A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.

The Ganges, or Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.

14

The Himalayas have a profound effect on the climate of the region, helping to keep the monsoon rains on the Indian plain and limiting rainfall on the Tibetan plateau.

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

15

The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of the Indian subcontinent; many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism and Buddhism.

Buddhism is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha.

Hinduism is an Indian religion, or a way of life, widely practiced in South Asia.

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