Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American politician and the nominee of the Democratic Party for President of the United States in the 2016 election.
The 2016 Democratic National Conventionwas a presidential nominating convention, held at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from July 25 through to July 28, 2016.
The United States presidential election of 2016, scheduled for Tuesday, November 8, 2016, will be the 58th quadrennial U.S. presidential election.
The President of the United States of America is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
She served as the 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, the junior United States Senator representing New York from 2001 to 2009, First Lady of the United States during the presidency of husband Bill Clinton from 1993 to 2001, and First Lady of Arkansas during his governorship from 1979 to 1981 and from 1983 to 1992.
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America heading the U.S. Department of State, principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The First Lady of the United States, is an unofficial title and position traditionally held by the wife of the President of the United States, concurrent with the president's term of office.
The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
Born in Chicago and raised in the suburban town of Park Ridge, Illinois, Clinton attended Wellesley College, graduating in 1969, and earned a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1973.
The Juris Doctor degree or Doctor of Law degree, also known as the Doctor of Jurisprudence degree, is a professional doctorate and first professional graduate degree in law.
Wellesley College is a private, women's, liberal-arts college located in the town of Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States, west of neighboring Boston.
Yale Law School is the law school of Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, United States.
After serving as a congressional legal counsel, she moved to Arkansas, marrying Bill Clinton in 1975.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
In 1977, she co-founded Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families.
The Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families, or AACF, is a non-profit advocacy organization which encourages public policy in Arkansas that will benefit children and their families.
She was appointed the first female chair of the Legal Services Corporation in 1978, and, the following year, became the first woman partner at Rose Law Firm.
The Legal Services Corporation is a publicly funded, 501 non-profit corporation established by the United States Congress.
Rose Law Firm is an American law firm headquartered in Little Rock, Arkansas.
As First Lady of Arkansas, she led a task force whose recommendations helped reform Arkansas's public schools, and served on several corporate boards.
A board of directors is a body of elected or appointed members who jointly oversee the activities of a company or organization, which can include a non-profit organization or a government agency or corporation.
As First Lady of the United States, Clinton led the unsuccessful effort to enact the Clinton health care plan of 1993.
The Clinton health care plan, known officially as the Health Security Act and unofficially nicknamed "Hillarycare" by its detractors, was a 1993 healthcare reform package proposed by the administration of President Bill Clinton and closely associated with the chair of the task force devising the plan, First Lady of the United States Clinton.
In 1997 and 1999, she helped create the State Children's Health Insurance Program.
The State Children's Health Insurance Program – now known more simply as the Children's Health Insurance Program – is a program administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides matching funds to states for health insurance to families with children.
She also tackled the problems of adoption and family safety and foster care.
The Adoption and Safe Families Act was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on November 19, 1997 after having been approved by the United States Congress earlier in the month.
The Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 aims to assist youth aging out of foster care in the United States in obtaining and maintaining independent living skills.
Foster care is a system in which a minor has been placed into a ward, group home, or private home of a state-certified caregiver, referred to as a "foster parent".
At the 1995 UN conference on women, held in Beijing, Clinton stated in a then controversial and influential speech, that "human rights are women's rights and women's rights are human rights". Her marriage endured the Lewinsky scandal of 1998, and her role as first lady drew a polarized response from the public.
"Women's Rights Are Human Rights" is a phrase used in the feminist movement and is the name of a speech given by Hillary Rodham Clinton, the First Lady of the United States, on 5 September 1995, at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing.
The Lewinsky scandal was an American political sex scandal that came to light in 1998, referring to a sexual relationship between 1995 and 1996 with then 49-year-old President Bill Clinton and a 22-year-old White House intern, Monica Lewinsky.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls of many societies worldwide, and formed the basis to the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.
Clinton was elected in 2000 as the first female senator from New York, the only first lady ever to have sought elective office.
Following the September 11 attacks, she voted to approve the war in Afghanistan.
The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
The war in Afghanistan is the period in which the United States invaded Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks.
She also voted for the Iraq Resolution. She took a leading role in investigating the health issues faced by 9/11 first responders.
The Iraq Resolution is a joint resolution passed by the United States Congress in October 2002 as Public Law No: 107-243, authorizing military action against Iraq.
There has been growing concern over the health effects arising from the September 11 attacks in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan.
She voted against the Bush tax cuts.
The phrase Bush tax cuts refers to changes to the United States tax code passed originally during the presidency of George W. Bush and extended during the presidency of Barack Obama, through:
She was re-elected to the Senate in 2006.
Running for president in 2008, she won far more delegates than any previous female candidate, but lost the Democratic nomination to Barack Obama.
The 2008 presidential campaign of Hillary Clinton, then junior United States Senator from New York, was announced on her website on January 20, 2007.
As Secretary of State in the Obama administration from 2009 to 2013, Clinton responded to the Arab Spring, during which she advocated the U.S. military intervention in Libya.
The Arab Spring was a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests, riots, and civil wars in the Arab world that began on 17 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution, and spread throughout the countries of the Arab League and its surroundings.
The War Powers Resolution is a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.
On 19 March 2011, a multi-state NATO-led coalition began a military intervention in Libya, ostensibly to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973.
She helped organize a diplomatic isolation and international sanctions regime against Iran, in an effort to force curtailment of that country's nuclear program; this would eventually lead to the multinational Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action agreement in 2015.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, known commonly as the Iran deal or Iran nuclear deal, is an international agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1, and the European Union.
The nuclear program of Iran has included several research sites, two uranium mines, a research reactor, and uranium processing facilities that include three known uranium enrichment plants.
Leaving office after Obama's first term, she wrote her fifth book and undertook speaking engagements before announcing her second presidential run in the 2016 election.