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12 Facts About Helmand Province

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Helmand, also known as Hillmand, and, in ancient times, as Hermand and Hethumand is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, in the south of the country.

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.

A province is almost always an administrative division, within a country or state.

Afghanistan: The Fall Of Helmand - People & Power by Al Jazeera English

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It is the largest province by area, covering 58,584 square kilometres area.

500 U S Soldiers Heading To Afghanistan's Helmand Province by TheAbdaliBacha

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The province contains 13 districts, encompassing over 1,000 villages, and roughly 879,500 settled people.

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Lashkar Gah serves as the provincial capital.

Lashkargah, historically also called Bost, is a city in southern Afghanistan and the capital of Helmand Province.

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Helmand was part of the Greater Kandahar region until made into a separate province by the Afghan government in the 20th century.

Kandahar or Qandahar is the second-largest city in Afghanistan, with a population of about 491,500 as of 2012.

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The province has a domestic airport, in the city of Lashkar Gah and heavily used by NATO-led forces.

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The British Camp Bastion and U.S. Camp Leatherneck are a short distance southwest of Lashkar Gah.

Camp Shorabak is an Afghan Ministry of Defense airbase located northwest of the city of Lashkar Gah in Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

Camp Leatherneck is a 1,600 acre Afghan Armed Forces base in Helmand Province, Afghanistan.

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The Helmand River flows through the mainly desert region of the province, providing water for irrigation.

The Helmand River is the longest river in Afghanistan and the primary watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin.

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The Kajaki Dam, which is one of Afghanistan's major reservoirs, is located in the Kajaki district.

The Kajakai Dam is one of the two major hydroelectric power dams of Helmand province in southern Afghanistan.

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Helmand is believed to be one of the world's largest opium-producing regions, responsible for around 42% of the world's total production.

Opium is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy.

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This is believed to be more than the whole of Burma, which is the second largest producing nation after Afghanistan.

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in the region of Southeast Asia.

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The region also produces tobacco, sugar beets, cotton, sesame, wheat, mung beans, maize, nuts, sunflowers, onions, potato, tomato, cauliflower, peanut, apricot, grape, and melon.

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