A heart transplant, or a cardiac transplant, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease when other medical or surgical treatments have failed.
Coronary artery disease, also known as ischemic heart disease, is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
Heart failure, often referred to as congestive heart failure, occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
The heart is a muscular organ in humans and other animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Complete cardiac transplant by Videos for Medicos
As of 2016, the most common procedure is to take a functioning heart from a recently deceased organ donor, and implant it into the patient.
Organ donation is when a person allows healthy transplantable organs and tissues to be removed, either after death or while the donor is alive, and transplanted into another person.
Pediatric Heart Transplant at Seattle Children's by SeattleChildrens
The patient's own heart is either removed and replaced with the donor heart or, less commonly, the recipient's diseased heart is left in place to support the donor heart.
Approximately 3500 heart transplants are performed every year in the world, more than half of which occur in the US.
Post-operation survival periods average 15 years.
Heart transplantation is not considered to be a cure for heart disease, but a life-saving treatment intended to improve the quality of life for recipients.