Head Start


Head Start is a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides comprehensive early childhood education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families.

The United States Department of Health and Human Services, also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.

Early childhood education is a branch of education theory which relates to the teaching of young children up until the age of about eight.

3 minutes in a Head Start Classroom by escswa


The program's services and resources are designed to foster stable family relationships, enhance children's physical and emotional well-being, and establish an environment to develop strong cognitive skills.

Emotional well-being is a term that has seen increasing use in recent decades.

Head Start Education by KCTS9


The transition from preschool to elementary school imposes diverse developmental challenges that include requiring the children to engage successfully with their peers outside of the family network, adjust to the space of a classroom, and meet the expectations the school setting provides.

A preschool is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children between the ages of three and five, prior to the commencement of compulsory education at primary school.

Elementary school is a school for students at their first school years, before they enter secondary education.


Launched in 1965 by its creator and first director Jule Sugarman, Head Start was originally conceived as a catch-up summer school program that would teach low-income children in a few weeks what they needed to know to start elementary school.

Summer school is a school, or a program generally sponsored by a school or a school district, or provided by a private company, that provides lessons and activities during the summer vacation.

Jule Meyer Sugarman was a founder of Head Start who also led the program for its first five years.


The Head Start Act of 1981 expanded the program.


The program was revised when it was reauthorized in December 2007.


Head Start is one of the longest-running programs attempting to address the effects of systemic poverty in the United States by intervening to aid children.


As of late 2005, more than 22 million children had participated.


The current director of Head Start is Blanca Enriquez, who was appointed in 2015.

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