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20 Facts About Harry S. Truman

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Harry S. Truman was an American politician who served as the 33rd President of the United States.

President Harry S. Truman reads prepared speech after ... by CriticalPast

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He served as a United States Senator from Missouri and briefly as Vice President before he succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945 upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.

The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.

MS, ms, Ms, M.S., etc. may refer to:

Biography of Harry S. Truman: Atomic Bombs, Communism ... by WatchMojo.com

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He was president during the final months of World War II, and approved the plan to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

World War I, also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.

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Truman was elected in his own right in 1948.

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He presided over an uncertain domestic scene as America sought its path after the war and tensions with the Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold War.

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR, was a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that existed from 1922 to 1991.

The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.

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Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, and spent most of his youth on his family's 600-acre farm near Independence.

Lamar is a city and the county seat of Barton County, Missouri, United States.

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In the last months of World War I, he served in combat in France as an artillery officer with his National Guard unit.

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After the war, he briefly owned a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri, and joined the Democratic Party and the political machine of Tom Pendergast.

A political machine is a political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses, who receive rewards for their efforts.

The Kansas City metropolitan area is a 15-county metropolitan area anchored by Kansas City, Missouri, that straddles the border between the U.S. states of Missouri and Kansas.

Thomas Joseph Pendergast was an American political boss who controlled Kansas City and Jackson County, Missouri from 1925 to 1939.

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Truman was first elected to public office as a county official in 1922, and then as a U.S. Senator in 1934.

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He gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee, formed in March 1941, which exposed waste, fraud, and corruption in Federal Government wartime contracts.

The Truman Committee, formally known as the Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program, was a United States Congressional investigative body headed by Senator Harry S. Truman.

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Nazi Germany surrendered on Truman's birthday, just a few weeks after he assumed the presidency, but the war with Imperial Japan raged on and was expected to last at least another year.

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when the country was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.

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Truman approved the use of atomic weaponry to end the fighting and to spare the tens of thousands of American lives that would inevitably be lost in the planned invasion of Japan and Japanese held islands in the Pacific.

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Although this decision remains debated to this day, it is one of the principal factors that forced Japan's immediate and unconditional surrender.

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Truman's presidency was a turning point in foreign affairs, as the United States engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism.

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Truman helped found the United Nations in 1945, issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947 to contain Communism, and got the $13 billion Marshall Plan enacted to rebuild Western Europe.

The Marshall Plan was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.

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The Soviet Union, a wartime ally, became a peacetime enemy in the Cold War.

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Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift of 1948 and the creation of NATO in 1949.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.

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He was unable to stop Communists from taking over China.

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When communist North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he sent U.S. troops and gained UN approval for the Korean War.

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.

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After initial successes in Korea, however, the UN forces were thrown back by Chinese intervention, and the conflict was stalemated throughout the final years of Truman's presidency.

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