Grey's Anatomy is an American medical drama television series that premiered on American Broadcasting Company as a mid-season replacement on March 27, 2005.
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network that is owned by the Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
A medical drama is a television program or film in which events center upon a hospital, an ambulance staff, or any medical environment and most medical episodes are one hour long and set in a hospital.
In American and Canadian television, a mid-season replacement is a television series that premieres in the second half of the traditional television season, usually between January and May.
The series focuses on the fictional lives of surgical interns, residents, and attending physicians, as they evolve into seasoned doctors while trying to maintain personal lives and relationships.
In the United States and Canada, an attending physician is a physician who has completed residency and practices medicine in a clinic or hospital, in the specialty learned during residency.
The title is a play on Gray's Anatomy, a human anatomy textbook by Henry Gray.
Gray's Anatomy is an English-language textbook of human anatomy originally written by Henry Gray and illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter.
Henry Gray was an English anatomist and surgeon most notable for publishing the book Gray's Anatomy.
The show's premise originated with creator Shonda Rhimes, who serves as an executive producer, along with Betsy Beers, Mark Gordon, Krista Vernoff, Rob Corn, Mark Wilding, and Allan Heinberg.
Betsy Beers is an American television and film producer whose credits include ShondaLand's Grey's Anatomy, Scandal, Private Practice, How to Get Away with Murder and The Catch.
Allan Heinberg is an American film screenwriter, television writer and producer and comic book writer.
Although it is set in Seattle at the fictional Grey-Sloan Memorial Hospital it is primarily filmed in Los Angeles, California.
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-most populous city in the United States, the most populous city in California and the county seat of Los Angeles County.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States and the seat of King County, Washington.
The show was originally titled Complications, a reference to the complicated medical procedures and personal lives of the characters.
The series was designed to be racially diverse, utilizing a color-blind casting technique.
Non-traditional casting, or integrated casting, and sometimes color-blind casting is the practice of casting without considering the actor's race or skin colour.
It revolves around the title character, Dr. Meredith Grey, played by Ellen Pompeo.
The original cast consisted of nine star-billed actors: Pompeo, Sandra Oh, Katherine Heigl, Justin Chambers, T. R. Knight, Chandra Wilson, James Pickens Jr., Isaiah Washington and Patrick Dempsey.
Sandra Miju Oh is a Canadian actress known for her role as Cristina Yang on ABC's medical drama Grey's Anatomy, a role that earned her a Golden Globe, two Screen Actors Guild awards, and five nominations for Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series.
Chandra Danette Wilson is an American actress, known for her role as Dr. Miranda Bailey in the ABC television drama Grey's Anatomy since 2005, for which she has been nominated for the Emmy for Best Supporting Actress four times.
Patrick Galen Dempsey is an American actor and race car driver, best known for his role as neurosurgeon Derek "McDreamy" Shepherd in Grey's Anatomy.
The cast has undergone major changes through the show's run, with many members leaving and being replaced by others.
In its twelfth season, the show had a large ensemble of sixteen actors, including four from the original cast.
On February 10, 2017, ABC renewed Grey's Anatomy for a fourteenth season, which premiered on September 28, 2017.
The series' success catapulted such long-running cast members as Pompeo, Dempsey and Oh to worldwide recognition; they were among the top five highest earning television actors in 2013.
Grey's Anatomy, even in its thirteenth season, is ABC's highest-rated drama; although its ratings have fallen over the course of its run, it is still one of the highest rated shows among the 18–49 demographic, and the No. 3 drama on all of broadcast television.
Grey's Anatomy has been well received by critics throughout much of its run, and has been included in various critics's year-end top ten lists.
Since its inception, the show has been described by the media outlets as a television "phenomenon" or a "juggernaut", owing to its longevity and dominant ratings.
It is considered to have had a significant impact on popular culture and has received numerous awards, including the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Drama.
Popular culture or pop culture is the entirety of ideas, perspectives, attitudes, images, and other phenomena that are within the mainstream of a given culture, especially Western culture of the early to mid 20th century and the emerging global mainstream of the late 20th and early 21st century.
Golden Globe Awards are accolades bestowed by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, recognizing excellence in film and television, both domestic and foreign.
It has received multiple Primetime Emmy Award nominations, including two for Outstanding Drama Series.
The Primetime Emmy Award is an American award bestowed by the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences in recognition of excellence in American primetime television programming.
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, recognizes excellence in the television industry, and corresponds to the Academy Award, the Tony Award, and the Grammy Award.
The series was the highest revenue earning show on television, in terms of advertising, in the 2007-08 season; in 2017, it was ranked tenth on the list.
It is the longest running scripted primetime show currently airing on ABC, the second-longest scripted primetime ABC show ever, and the second-longest primetime medical drama ever.