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12 Facts About Great Basin National Park

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Great Basin National Park is an American national park located in White Pine County in east-central Nevada, near the Utah border, established in 1986.

Nevada is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.

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The park is most commonly entered by way of Nevada State Route 488, which is connected to U.S. Routes 6 and 50 by Nevada State Route 487 via the small town of Baker, the closest settlement.

State Route 488 is an east–west state highway in White Pine County, Nevada.

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The park derives its name from the Great Basin, the dry and mountainous region between the Sierra Nevada and the Wasatch Mountains.

The Wasatch Range is a mountain range that stretches approximately 160 miles from the Utah-Idaho border, south through central Utah in the western United States.

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Topographically, this area is known as the Basin and Range Province.

The Basin and Range Province is a vast physiographic region covering much of the inland Western United States and northwestern Mexico.

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The park is located about 290 miles north of Las Vegas and protects 77,180 acres.

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The park is notable for its groves of ancient bristlecone pines, the oldest known nonclonal organisms, and for the Lehman Caves at the base of 13,063-foot Wheeler Peak.

The term bristlecone pine covers three species of pine tree.

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The peak is also home to Wheeler Peak Glacier, which is not the southernmost glacier in the Northern Hemisphere, though described as such by the National Geographic Society, since the Himalayan glaciers are much further south.

The National Geographic Society, headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest nonprofit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

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President Warren G. Harding created Lehman Caves National Monument by presidential proclamation on January 24, 1922.

Warren Gamaliel Harding was the 29th president of the United States from March 4, 1921, until his death in 1923.

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The monument was redesignated a national park on October 27, 1986.

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A number of developed campsites are within the park, as well as excellent backcountry camping opportunities.

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The Highland Ridge Wilderness lies adjacent to Great Basin National Park.

Highland Ridge Wilderness is a 68,627-acre wilderness area in the southern part of the Snake Range of White Pine County, just south of Great Basin National Park, in the U.S. state of Nevada.

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These two protected areas provide contiguous wildlife habitat and protection to 227.8 square miles of eastern Nevada's basin lands.

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