The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each.
David Ortiz ties game with grand slam in 2013 ALCS Game 2 by MLB
They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men.
JUDO Grand Slam - Moscow 2011 by Judo
The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open in May and June, Wimbledon in June and July, and the US Open in August and September.
The French Open, often referred to as Roland Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France.
The Australian Open is a major tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia.
Each tournament is played over a period of two weeks.
The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass.
Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905.
However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924/25, the time when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments.
Skipping Grand Slam tournaments—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982, which was the start of the norm of counting Grand Slam titles.
The term Grand Slam also, and originally, refers to the achievement of winning all four major championships in a single calendar year within one of the five events: men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles.
In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners.
The term "Grand Slam" without qualification refers to winning the four majors in a single calendar year.
Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments but not in the same year is known as a Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a Career Grand Slam.
Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in a one calendar year is known as a "Golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam".
Also, winning the Year-End Championship in the same period is known as a "Super Slam".
Together, all four Majors in all three disciplines are called a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles.
No male or female player has won all twelve events in one calendar year, although a "career boxed set" has been achieved by three female players.