Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.

The euro is the official currency of the eurozone, which consists of 19 of the 28 member states of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.

A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited.

A parliamentary republic is a type of republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature.

Germany v China PR - FIFA Women’s World Cup France 2019™ by FIFATV


It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate.

Germany v Spain - FIFA Women’s World Cup France 2019™ by FIFATV


Its capital and largest city is Berlin.


With about 82.0 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union.


After the United States, it is the second most popular human migration destination.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.


Various Germanic tribes have occupied the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.

Classical antiquity is a term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.

The Germanic peoples are an Indo-European ethnolinguistic group of Northern European origin identified by their use of the Germanic languages.


A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD.

"Germania" was the Roman term for the geographical region in north-central Europe inhabited mainly by Germanic peoples.


During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward.

The Migration Period was a period that began as early as 300 AD in which there were widespread migrations of peoples within or into Europe during the decline of the Roman Empire, mostly into Roman territory, notably the Germanic tribes and the Huns.


Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire.

The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.


During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.

The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation was a schism from the Roman Catholic Church initiated by Martin Luther and continued by John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, and other early Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively between 800 million and more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.


In 1871 most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.

The German Empire was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in November 1918, when Germany became a federal republic.

Prussia was a prominent historical German state originating out of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and centred on the region of Prussia.


After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic.

The German Revolution or November Revolution was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.


The establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and systematic genocide.

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

Genocide is the intentional action to destroy a people in whole or in part.


After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded: the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.

East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic, was a state that existed from 1949 to 1990, when the eastern portion of Germany was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.


In 1990, the country was reunified.


In the 21st century, Germany is a great power and has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the fifth-largest by PPP.

A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale.


As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods.

Techno is a form of electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s.


Germany is a developed country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled and productive society.

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country", is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.


It upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection and a tuition-free university education.

Universal health care, sometimes referred to as universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care, usually refers to a health care system which provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country.

A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations.

Security is the degree of resistance to, or protection from, harm.


Germany was a founding member of the European Union in 1993.

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